‎Chapter 2 ... and although several commandments are found in Genesis, e.g., circumcision and the prohibition of eating the thigh sinew, they could have been included together with the other commandments). שלשה פרים היו כדי להאכילן שלש לשונות בחרדל: This was Ishmael, to train him to perform mitzvoth. — [from B. M. 86b], (B.M. The first is to be understood according to its apparent meaning [i.e., and he saw], and the second means “understanding.” He observed that they were standing in one place, and he understood that they did not wish to burden him. In Genesis 18 Abraham entertains three “men” or angels who come to tell him that Sarah will soon have a baby: Genesis 18. כעת חיה כעת הזאת שתהא חיה לכם שתהיו כלכם שלימים וקיימים: The angel did not announce that he [himself] would return to him, but he was speaking to him as an emissary of the Omnipresent. Rashi on Genesis > ‎Chapter 2 ... 18. —, for the World to Come. The Torah with Rashi's Commentary Translated, Annotated and Elucidated, Vols. (Web version). — [from Zohar, vol. וַיֵּרָ֤א אֵלָיו֙ יְהֹוָ֔ה בְּאֵֽלֹנֵ֖י מַמְרֵ֑א וְה֛וּא ישֵׁ֥ב פֶּֽתַח־הָאֹ֖הֶל כְּחֹ֥ם הַיּֽוֹם: to visit the sick (Tan. I have desired, as in (, And he said, "Please, let the Lord's wrath not be kindled, and I will speak yet this time, perhaps ten will be found there." Rashi completed this commentary only in the last years of his life. דבר אחר ארדה נא לסוף מעשיהם: And [if] they remain in their state of rebellion, I will wreak destruction upon them, but if they do not remain in their state of rebellion, I will know what I will do, to punish them with suffering, but I will not destroy them. Estarás junto con tus hijos, tu mujer y las mujeres de tus hijos. Buber, Vayera 1). 1 Daarna verscheen de HEERE aan hem bij de eiken van Mamre, toen hij in de ingang van de tent zat en de dag heet werd. Will You also destroy? הוא שנתן לו עצה על המילה, לפיכך נגלה עליו בחלקו: It is written יֹשַׁב [without a “vav,” and may therefore be read: “he sat”]. Noah 18). But is it not so that he did not go to stand before Him, but the Holy One, blessed be He, came to him and said to him (above verse 20): “Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah has become great, etc.,” and it should have been written here: “and the Lord was still standing beside Abraham?” But this is a scribal emendation (Gen. Rabbah 49:7). 1 En de Here verscheen aan hem bij de terebinten van Mamre, terwijl hij op het heetst van de dag in de ingang der tent zat. ולחם לא הביא לפי שפירסה שרה נדה, שחזר לה אורח כנשים אותו היום, ונטמאת העיסה: the fat of the milk that is skimmed off the top. Vayera 8). Praying Ashrei (Meditations on Psalm 145)-- revised 11/12/97 The Creator and the Computer. Rashi explains that this means Sarah conceived and then gave birth. וַיְמַהֵ֧ר אַבְרָהָ֛ם הָאֹ֖הֱלָה אֶל־שָׂרָ֑ה וַיֹּ֗אמֶר מַֽהֲרִ֞י שְׁל֤שׁ סְאִים֙ קֶ֣מַח סֹ֔לֶת ל֖וּשִׁי וַֽעֲשִׂ֥י עֻגֽוֹת: The fine flour for the cakes [and] the meal for the starch used by cooks to cover the pot, to draw out the scum. Perhaps thirty will be found there." The Judge left, the defender left, and the prosecutor is accusing. 13a, Men. Abraham ben Asher collated the text of a medieval commentary on Genesis Rabba attributed to Rashi from two differing manuscripts and published it alongside his own interpretations in the ʾOr ha-Sekhel. 18 1 De HEER verscheen opnieuw aan Abraham, bij de eiken van Mamre. ... 18. Will the Judge of the entire earth not perform justice?". Gerelateerde info . Whenever the word הַשְׁקָפָה occurs in Scripture, it denotes evil, except (. Now, can I destroy the sons without informing the father, who loves Me?- [from Gen. Rabbah 49:2, Pirkei d’Rabbi Eliezer ch. ... 18 And the Lord God said, "It is not good that man is alone; I shall make him a helpmate opposite him." The commentary on Genesis 1:1 is the response of Rashi to the conquest of Jerusalem by the Crusaders. He wished to stand. And he said, "Behold in the tent.". Muestre el comentario de Rashi Genesis Capítulo 6. אמר רבי יוסי בר חנינא כדי לשגר לה כוס של ברכה: She is modest. it is said: The ministering angels knew where our mother Sarah was, but [they asked in order] to make known that she was modest, in order to endear her to her husband. Now let us look at the first Rashi-comment on this verse. כִּ֣י יְדַעְתִּ֗יו לְמַ֩עַן֩ אֲשֶׁ֨ר יְצַוֶּ֜ה אֶת־בָּנָ֤יו וְאֶת־בֵּיתוֹ֙ אַֽחֲרָ֔יו וְשָֽׁמְרוּ֙ דֶּ֣רֶךְ יְהֹוָ֔ה לַֽעֲשׂ֥וֹת צְדָקָ֖ה וּמִשְׁפָּ֑ט לְמַ֗עַן הָבִ֤יא יְהֹוָה֙ עַל־אַבְרָהָ֔ם אֵ֥ת אֲשֶׁר־דִּבֶּ֖ר עָלָֽיו: Heb. וכבר הייתי ראוי להיות עפר על ידי המלכים, ואפר על ידי נמרוד, לולי רחמיך אשר עמדו לי: Perhaps the fifty righteous men will be missing five. והשלישי שבא לבשר את שרה, כיון שעשה שליחותו נסתלק לו: Kabbalah, Chassidism and Jewish Mysticism. The answer is that אילן, a Hebrew loan word from Aramaic, and the standard rabbinic Hebrew word for tree, can only mean tree. In his comment to Genesis 18:22, Mizrachi is only explaining Rashi’s opinion, but in his comment to Numbers 11:15 we see that Miz-rachi himself believes that while tikkun soferim generally is not to be un-derstood literally, in the case of Genesis 18:22 he agrees with Rashi that it … Another explanation: I will descend to the end of their deeds (to fathom the results thereof). לאותו מועד המיוחד שקבעתי לך אתמול למועד הזה בשנה האחרת: And Sarah denied, saying, "I did not laugh," because she was afraid. חָלִילָה. אמר רבי חמא בר חנינא יום שלישי למילתו היה, ובא הקב"ה ושאל בשלומו: He [Mamre] was the one who counseled him about circumcision. Verse 2: El-him completed by the seventh day.94 R. Shimon said, 95 [man who is] flesh and blood who cannot [precisely] know his times and moments must add from the profane to the holy. He inundates everyone, righteous and wicked.” So You did to the Generation of the Flood and to the Generation of the Dispersion. Reading Genesis. Genesis 22:1 "And it was after these events that God tested Abraham and He said to him, 'Abraham,' and he said, 'Here I am.' Genesis 18 Genesis 18. Op het heetst van de dag zat Abraham in de ingang van zijn tent. Vayeira (Genesis 18-22) by Dr. Avigdor Bonchek. אמר לה אלישע אותם המלאכים שהם חיים וקיימים לעולם אמרו למועד אשוב, אבל אני בשר ודם שהיום חי ומחר מת, בין חי ובין מת למועד הזה וגו': Now Abraham and Sarah were old, coming on in years; Sarah had ceased to have the way of the women. וַתְּכַחֵ֨שׁ שָׂרָ֧ה | לֵאמֹ֛ר לֹ֥א צָחַ֖קְתִּי כִּ֣י | יָרֵ֑אָה וַיֹּ֥אמֶר | לֹ֖א כִּ֥י צָחָֽקְתְּ: The first כִּי serves as an expression of “because,” for it gives the reason for the matter:“And Sarah denied…because she was afraid,” and the second כִּי serves as an expression of “but.” And He said,“It is not as you say, but you did laugh.” For our Sages said: כִּי has four different meanings: if, perhaps, but, and because. They will say, “So is His craft. Nieuwe Bijbelvertaling (NBV) 17 Verbond tussen God en Abram. PENTATEUCH WITH TARGUM ONKELOS HAPTAROTH AND PRAYERS FOR SABBATH AND RASHI'S COMMENTARY - GENESIS by Rosenbaum, Rev M and a great selection of related books, art and collectibles available now at AbeBooks.com. 13:2 Toen hij opkeek, zag hij even verderop plotseling drie mannen staan. And You, the Righteous One of the world, will be counted with them. Hij kwam snel overeind en begroette hen. This is a question.[i. Rabbah 25:2]. חולין הוא לך, יאמרו כך הוא אומנתו, שוטף הכל, צדיקים ורשעים, כך עשית לדור המבול ולדור הפלגה: Neither this nor anything similar to it. Vayera 3]. 1 The Lord appeared again to Abraham near the oak grove belonging to Mamre. אֵֽרֲדָה־נָּ֣א וְאֶרְאֶ֔ה הַכְּצַֽעֲקָתָ֛הּ הַבָּ֥אָה אֵלַ֖י עָשׂ֣וּ | כָּלָ֑ה וְאִם־לֹ֖א אֵדָֽעָה: This teaches judges that they should not decide capital punishment cases unless they see it [i.e., they must go to the site of the crime and investigate the matter. הַמְכַסֶה ? וְאֶל־הַבָּקָ֖ר רָ֣ץ אַבְרָהָ֑ם וַיִּקַּ֨ח בֶּן־בָּקָ֜ר רַ֤ךְ וָטוֹב֙ וַיִּתֵּ֣ן אֶל־הַנַּ֔עַר וַיְמַהֵ֖ר לַֽעֲשׂ֥וֹת אֹתֽוֹ: There were three calves, in order to feed them three tongues with mustard. כתרגומו היתכסי, וכי שום דבר מופלא ומופרד ומכוסה ממני מלעשות כרצוני: At that time that was appointed, that I set for you yesterday, [when I said] (17:21): “at this time next year.”. אֵלָיו. Vayeira (Genesis 18-22) by Dr. Avigdor Bonchek This week's parsha records several dramatic events: the birth of Isaac; Abraham's unsuccessful plea to save the evil population of Sodom; the destruction of Sodom and Lot's rescue; and finally the Akaida (binding) of Isaac. עֶדְנָה, smoothness of flesh, and in the language of the Mishnah (Meg. לכל הכרכים, לפי שסדום היתה מטרפולין וחשובה מכולם תלה בה הכתוב: And Abraham answered and said, "Behold now I have commenced to speak to the Lord, although I am dust and ashes. 18:1 By the terebinths of Mamre Mamre was the name of Avraham’s ally (Genesis 14:13). ]- [Divrei David] Everything is as I explained in the chapter dealing with the dispersion (Tan. At the appointed time, I will return to you, at this time next year and Sarah will have a son.". כעת הזאת לשנה הבאה, ופסח היה, ולפסח הבא נולד יצחק, מדלא קרינן כעת אלא כעת. וַיֹּ֗אמֶר הִנֵּה־נָ֤א הוֹאַ֨לְתִּי֙ לְדַבֵּ֣ר אֶל־אֲדֹנָ֔י אוּלַ֛י יִמָּֽצְא֥וּן שָׁ֖ם עֶשְׂרִ֑ים וַיֹּ֨אמֶר֙ לֹ֣א אַשְׁחִ֔ית בַּֽעֲב֖וּר הָֽעֶשְׂרִֽים: Heb. But Lot, who was not strict, mentioned lodging before washing, as it is said (below 19:2): “and lodge and bathe your feet.” - [from Gen. Rabbah 54:4]. וַיֹּ֥אמֶר יְהֹוָ֖ה אֶל־אַבְרָהָ֑ם לָ֣מָּה זֶּה֩ צָֽחֲקָ֨ה שָׂרָ֜ה לֵאמֹ֗ר הַאַ֥ף אֻמְנָ֛ם אֵלֵ֖ד וַֽאֲנִ֥י זָקַֽנְתִּי: Is it really true that I will give birth?-, Scripture altered [her statement] for the sake of peace, for she had said,“and my master is old.” - [from B.M. Genesis 24:32 "And the man came into the house and he unfastened the camels, he gave straw and fodder to the camels and water to wash his feet and the feet of the men who were with him." — [from Targum Jonathan]. וַיַשְׁקִיפוּ. And He said, "I will not destroy if I find there forty-five.". על ידי שליח, והקב"ה שלם לבניו על ידי שליח שנאמר (במדבר כ יא) וירם משה את ידו ויך את הסלע: He thought that they were Arabs, who prostrate themselves to the dust of their feet, and he was strict not to allow any idolatry into his house. עֵץ can mean either “tree” or detached “wood”; the Targum clarifies this ambiguity by translating as Aram. 18. 3. Similar to this we find elsewhere (. I gave him this land, and these five cities are his, as it is said (10:19): “And the border of the Canaanite was from Sidon…, as you come to Sodom and Gomorrah, etc.” I called him Abraham, the father of a multitude of nations. Here is the Rashi on this verse: HEBREW 10. 13]. God belooft Abraham opnieuw een zoon. הגם תספה. Rashi came to a Yeshivah and sat down to listen to the lecture of the Dean of the Yeshivah. וַיִּגַּ֥שׁ אַבְרָהָ֖ם וַיֹּאמַ֑ר הַאַ֣ף תִּסְפֶּ֔ה צַדִּ֖יק עִם־רָשָֽׁע: We find [the expression]“ approaching” for war (. ישב כתיב, בקש לעמוד, אמר לו הקב"ה שב ואני אעמוד, ואתה סימן לבניך, שעתיד אני להתיצב בעדת הדיינין והן יושבין, שנאמר (תהלים פב א) א-להים נצב בעדת אל: to see whether there were any passersby whom he would bring into his house. And the two interpretations [of אֲדֹנָי as being profane and holy in this context] are in Genesis Rabbah. אמר דור המבול היו שמונה, נח ובניו ונשיהם ולא הצילו על דורם, ועל תשעה על ידי צירוף כבר בקש ולא מצא: And the Lord departed when He finished speaking to Abraham, and Abraham returned to his place. Bereishit - Genesis - Chapter 15 ... [meaning “carcass,” and not “parts,” as Rashi interprets]. וַיֹּֽאמְר֣וּ אֵלָ֔יו אַיֵּ֖ה שָׂרָ֣ה אִשְׁתֶּ֑ךָ וַיֹּ֖אמֶר הִנֵּ֥ה בָאֹֽהֶל: Heb. And also, my master is old.". Rashi’s commentary is an essential explanation of the Tanakh and resides in a place of honor on the page of almost all editions of the Tanakh. (Elisha said to the Shunamite woman (. אוּלַ֠י יַחְסְר֞וּן חֲמִשִּׁ֤ים הַצַּדִּיקִם֙ חֲמִשָּׁ֔ה הֲתַשְׁחִ֥ית בַּֽחֲמִשָּׁ֖ה אֶת־כָּל־הָעִ֑יר וַיֹּ֨אמֶר֙ לֹ֣א אַשְׁחִ֔ית אִם־אֶמְצָ֣א שָׁ֔ם אַרְבָּעִ֖ים וַֽחֲמִשָּֽׁה: Will there not be nine for each city? Shoftim 18]. ואם תאמר לא יצילו הצדיקים את הרשעים, למה תמית הצדיקים: Heb. — [from B.M. מהו וירא וירא שני פעמים, הראשון כמשמעו והשני לשון הבנה, נסתכל שהיו נצבים במקום אחד והבין שלא היו רוצים להטריחו ואף על פי שיודעים היו שיצא לקראתם, עמדו במקומם לכבודו ולהראותו שלא רצו להטריחו, וקדם הוא ורץ לקראתם. Genesis 18:1-19 En de Here verscheen aan hem bij de terebinten van Mamre, terwijl hij op het heetst van de dag in de ingang der tent zat. Said Rabbi Joseph the son of Chanina: In order to send her a cup of blessing (i.e., the cup of wine upon which the Grace after Meals is recited). 2 He lifted up his eyes and looked, and behold, three men were standing in front of him. דבר אחר קודש הוא, והיה אומר להקב"ה להמתין לו עד שירוץ ויכניס את האורחים. Therefore: “And the two angels came to Sodom,” to destroy (Gen. Rabbah 49:14). Leef in verbondenheid met … בסדום, לא יפה לי לעשות דבר זה שלא מדעתו, אני נתתי לו את הארץ הזאת, וחמשה כרכין הללו שלו הן, שנאמר (י יט) גבול הכנעני מצידון וגו' בואכה סדומה ועמורה וגו'. ולתרגום של אונקלוס שתרגמו לשון רוגז, כך פירושו האף ישיאך שתספה צדיק עם רשע: Perhaps there are fifty righteous men in the midst of the city; will You even destroy and not forgive the place for the sake of the fifty righteous men who are in its midst? 18:48. that he had prepared. יְדַעְתִּיו, an expression of love, like (. 87a). נסתלק הדיין נסתלק הסניגור והקטיגור מקטרג, ולפיכך (יט א) ויבאו שני המלאכים סדומה [בערב] להשחית. — [from Gen Rabbah 48:16], And Sarah laughed within herself, saying, "After I have become worn out, will I have smooth flesh? See also Eruvin 18b. RASHI. 1, omissions, 255b]. ולמה ידעתיו, למען אשר יצוה לפי שהוא מצוה את בניו עלי לשמור דרכי. And although this [“Do not pass by”] is written after “and ran toward them,” the statement [to God, “do not pass by”] preceded it. אבל לוט שלא הקפיד, הקדים לינה לרחיצה, שנאמר (יט ב) ולינו ורחצו רגליכם: under the tree. בדורותיו IN HIS AGE — Some of our Rabbis explain it (this word) to his credit: he was righteous even in his generation; it follows that had he lived in a generation of righteous people he would have been even more righteous owing to the force of good example. Rashi explains that of his three allies, Mamre was the only one who supported the idea of circumcision, and it was for this reason that Hashem reveals himself to Avraham in his territory. And He said, "No, but you laughed.". שינה הכתוב מפני השלום, שהרי היא אמרה ואדוני זקן: Is anything hidden from the Lord? וַיַּ֥עַן אַבְרָהָ֖ם וַיֹּאמַ֑ר הִנֵּה־נָ֤א הוֹאַ֨לְתִּי֙ לְדַבֵּ֣ר אֶל־אֲדֹנָ֔י וְאָֽנֹכִ֖י עָפָ֥ר וָאֵֽפֶר: I was already fit to be dust at the hands of the kings and ashes at the hands of Nimrod, were it not for Your mercies that stood by me. The explanation of Rashi to the verse "and the ruaḥ of God moved upon the face of the waters" is intended to counter the identification of this ruaḥ with the Christian Holy Spirit. אלישע אמר לשונמית (מלכים ב' ד טז) למועד הזה כעת חיה את חובקת בן ותאמר אל אדוני איש הא-להים אל תכזב בשפחתך, אותן המלאכים שבשרו את שרה אמרו למועד אשוב. A Son Is Promised to Sarah. וַיִּפְנ֤וּ מִשָּׁם֙ הָֽאֲנָשִׁ֔ים וַיֵּֽלְכ֖וּ סְדֹ֑מָה וְאַ֨בְרָהָ֔ם עוֹדֶ֥נּוּ עֹמֵ֖ד לִפְנֵ֥י יְהֹוָֽה: from the place to which Abraham had escorted them. Now the Lord appeared to him in the plains of Mamre, and he was sitting at the entrance of the tent when the day was hot. verse 9): “and they said to him.” Concerning the announcement, however, it says (ibid. There came a difficult passage in the Talmud which the Rabbi struggled to explain to his students….When Rashi was left alone, he took the slip with his commentary, in which that passage of the Talmud was explained simply and clearly, and put it into the Gemara of the head of the academy. And he took cream and milk and the calf that he had prepared, and he placed [them] before them, and he was standing over them under the tree, and they ate. It is profane (חוּלִין) , [i.e., unfitting] for You. הֲיִפָּלֵא, as the Targum renders: הַיִתְכַּסֵי. ואף על פי שכתוב אחר (פסוק ב) וירץ לקראתם, האמירה קודם לכן היתה, ודרך המקראות לדבר כן, כמו שפירשתי אצל (ו ג) לא ידון רוחי באדם, שנכתב אחר (ה לב) ויולד נח, ואי אפשר לומר אלא אם כן קודם גזירת מאה עשרים שנה, ושתי הלשונות בבראשית רבה (מח י): Please let a little water be taken, and bathe your feet, and recline under the tree. 86b]. והלא לא הלך לעמוד לפניו אלא הקב"ה בא אצלו ואמר לו (פסוק כ) זעקת סדום ועמורה כי רבה, והיה לו לכתוב וה' עודנו עומד לפני אברהם, אלא תיקון סופרים הוא זה (אשר הפכוהו ז"ל לכתוב כן): And Abraham approached and said, "Will You even destroy the righteous with the wicked? 1 De Here verscheen opnieuw aan Abraham, die op dat moment bij het eikenbos van Mamre woonde. — [from B.M. And he unfastened - RASHI: He loosened their muzzles, for he had sealed their mouths, so they (the camels) should not graze in other people's fields. 87a]. בנביאים (שופטים יט ה) סעד לבך פת לחם. וימלטו ארבעה הכרכים, וכן שלשים יצילו שלשה מהם או עשרים יצילו שנים מהם או עשרה יצילו אחד מהם: And he said, "Please, let the Lord's wrath not be kindled, and I will speak. ורפאל שרפא את אברהם הלך משם להציל את לוט, הוא שנאמר (שם יז) ויהי כהוציאם אותם החוצה ויאמר המלט על נפשך, למדת שהאחד היה מציל: Heb. חָלִ֨לָה לְּךָ֜ מֵֽעֲשׂ֣ת | כַּדָּבָ֣ר הַזֶּ֗ה לְהָמִ֤ית צַדִּיק֙ עִם־רָשָׁ֔ע וְהָיָ֥ה כַצַּדִּ֖יק כָּֽרָשָׁ֑ע חָלִ֣לָה לָּ֔ךְ הֲשֹׁפֵט֙ כָּל־הָאָ֔רֶץ לֹ֥א יַֽעֲשֶׂ֖ה מִשְׁפָּֽט: And if You say that the righteous will not save the wicked, why should You kill the righteous?- [from Gen. Rabbah 49:8]. בבבא מציעא (פז א) אומרים יודעים היו מלאכי השרת שרה אמנו היכן היתה, אלא להודיע שצנועה היתה כדי לחבבה על בעלה. 9 Éstas son las crónicas de Nóaj: Nóaj era un hombre justo, perfecto en su generación. וַיֹּ֨סֶף ע֜וֹד לְדַבֵּ֤ר אֵלָיו֙ וַיֹּאמַ֔ר אוּלַ֛י יִמָּֽצְא֥וּן שָׁ֖ם אַרְבָּעִ֑ים וַיֹּ֨אמֶר֙ לֹ֣א אֶֽעֱשֶׂ֔ה בַּֽעֲב֖וּר הָֽאַרְבָּעִֽים: And four cities will be saved, and so thirty will save three of them, or twenty will save two of them, or ten will save one of them. Genesis 18. 86b]. " RASHI 1, 104a]. אחד לבשר את שרה ואחד להפוך את סדום ואחד לרפאות את אברהם, שאין מלאך אחד עושה שתי שליחיות. לא בשרו המלאך שישוב אליו אלא בשליחותו של מקום אמר לו, כמו (טז י) ויאמר לה מלאך ה' הרבה ארבה, והוא אין בידו להרבות, אלא בשליחותו של מקום, אף כאן בשליחותו של מקום אמר לו כן. over him. Commentary to Sefer Yetsira. אשר תקן, קמא קמא שתקן, אמטי ואייתי קמייהו: They appeared to be eating. Muestre el comentario de Rashi Genesis Capítulo 18 1 Dios se le apareció a [Avraham] en las planicies de Mamré mientras él estaba sentado a la entrada de la tienda en la parte más calurosa del día. Please do not deface or discard. Bereishit - Genesis - Chapter 2 ... Rashi 's Commentary: Show Hide. — [from Zohar, vol. Genesis 18:2 "And he lift up his eyes and looked, and, lo, three men stood by him: and when he saw [them], he ran to meet them from the tent door, and bowed himself toward the ground," The “three men” who appeared to Abraham were the preincarnate Christ (Yahweh), and two angels (verse 22; 19:1). And He said, "I will not destroy for the sake of the twenty.". Moré Januk 3,961 views. מצינו הגשה למלחמה (ש"ב י יג) ויגש יואב וגו', הגשה לפיוס (להלן מד יח) ויגש אליו יהודה, והגשה לתפלה (מלכים א' יח לו) ויגש אליהו הנביא, ולכל אלה נכנס אברהם, לדבר קשות, ולפיוס ולתפלה: Heb. עשרה צדיקים לכל כרך וכרך, כי חמשה מקומות יש: Far be it from You to do a thing such as this, to put to death the righteous with the wicked so that the righteous should be like the wicked. It would be improper for Me to do this thing without his knowledge. It was immediately accepted as authoritative by all Jewish communities, Ashkenazi and Sephardi alike. Commentary on the Tanakh written by Rabbi Shlomo Yitzchaki (Rashi). וַ֠יֹּ֠אמֶר אַל־נָ֞א יִ֤חַר לַֽאדֹנָי֙ וַֽאֲדַבְּרָ֣ה אַךְ־הַפַּ֔עַם אוּלַ֛י יִמָּֽצְא֥וּן שָׁ֖ם עֲשָׂרָ֑ה וַיֹּ֨אמֶר֙ לֹ֣א אַשְׁחִ֔ית בַּֽעֲב֖וּר הָֽעֲשָׂרָֽה: For fewer [than ten] he did not ask. — [from Gen. Rabbah 48:17]. Loading ... 1 - Duration: 18:48. — [from Tan. NBV 1 bijbel. עָלָיו, lit. And we learned: Rabbi Simeon the son of Eleazar says: “Wherever the [undotted] letters are more than the dotted ones, you must expound on the [undotted] letters, etc.” And here, the dotted letters are more than the [undotted] letters, and you must expound on the dotted [letters]. כי הדבר הזה אני מבקש מכם מאחר שעברתם עלי לכבודי: כִּי עַל כֵּן is like עַל אֲשֶׁר, because, and so is every כִּי עַל כֵּן in Scripture, e.g., (below 19:8): “because (כִּי עַל כֵּן) they have come in the shadow of my roof”; (below 33:10): “because (כִּי עַל כֵּן) I have seen your countenance”; (below 38:26): “because (כִּי עַל כֵּן) I have not given her”; (. And He said, "I will not destroy for the sake of the ten.". Chapter 2. תדע לך שכן כל הפרשה הוא מזכירן בלשון רבים (פסוק ח) ויאכלו, (פסוק ט) ויאמרו אליו, ובבשורה נאמר (שם י) ויאמר שוב אשוב אליך, ובהפיכת סדום הוא אומר (יט כב) כי לא אוכל לעשות דבר, (שם כא), לבלתי הפכי. הַאַף. Translated into Slovak by Barbora Lebedova, 4/10/18. And what does that One seek but godly folk [zera Elohim]? One day Abraham was sitting at the entrance to his tent during the hottest part of the day. The first dated Hebrew printed book was Rashi's commentary on the Chumash, printed by Abraham ben Garton in Reggio di Calabria, Italy, 18 February 1475. Vayeira (Genesis 18-22) by Dr. Avigdor Bonchek. Another explanation: It (אֲדֹנָי) is holy, and he was telling the Holy One, blessed be He, to wait for him until he would run and bring in the wayfarers. Similarly (above 16:10): “And the angel said to her: I will greatly multiply [your seed],” but he [the angel] did not have the power to multiply [her children], but he spoke as an emissary of the Omnipresent. 1-5 [Box Set, Student Size]: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy Rabbi Yisrael Herczeg. 96 G-d, who [precisely] knows His times and moments can enter into it by a hairbreadth, and it appears as if He concluded [His work] on that very day [i.e., the Sabbath]. 18 And the Lord appeared to him by the o oaks 1 of Mamre, as he sat at the door of his tent in the heat of the day. 2 He looked up and noticed three men standing nearby. In the Weekly Torah Portions, we are now up to the death of Abraham, while my postings are only now at the beginning of the Abraham story. It is customary for the verses to speak in this manner, as I explained in reference to (above 6:3) “Let My spirit not quarrel forever concerning man” [the decree that God would wait 120 years before bringing the Flood] which was written after (5:32): “And Noah begot.” But it is impossible to say otherwise than that the decree preceded the birth [of Japheth] by 120 years. Each one that he prepared, he took and brought before them. מסתכלת במעיה ואמרה אפשר הקרבים הללו טעונין ולד, השדים הללו שצמקו מושכין חלב, תנחומא (שופטים יח): Heb. Let us take the Rashi on Genesis 26:18 in Parshat Toldot. This teaches you that Terah repented. This is to say that his desire [for Eve] was increased above his previous desire [Genesis Rabbah 23:4: 5]. The word ×¢×¥, meaning tree, had already appeared in Genesis many times before chapter 18, and Rashi had not commented on it. Chapter 02 - Rashi. 2 And he lift up his eyes and looked, and, lo, three men stood by him: and when he saw them, he ran to meet them from the … (Genesis 45,9) So is the Land of Israel: It cannot sustain sinners (Leviticus 18,28) I will make the land [so] desolate- This is [actually] a kindly measure for Israel, for their enemies will not find any satisfaction in their land, for it will be desolate of its inhabitants. And Sarah heard from the entrance of the tent, and it was behind him. 1 And the Lord appeared unto him in the plains of Mamre: and he sat in the tent door in the heat of the day; # plain: Heb. ad loc., Mid. לפניו, כמו (במדבר ב כ) ועליו מטה מנשה. אחד להשחית את סדום ואחד להציל את לוט, והוא אותו שבא לרפאות את אברהם. וְאַבְרָהָ֤ם וְשָׂרָה֙ זְקֵנִ֔ים בָּאִ֖ים בַּיָּמִ֑ים חָדַל֙ לִֽהְי֣וֹת לְשָׂרָ֔ה אֹ֖רַח כַּנָּשִֽׁים: It had ceased from her. HEBREW 9. Immediately, “he ran toward them.”. And he said, "I will surely return to you at this time next year, and behold, your wife Sarah will have a son." וכיוצא בו מצינו במקום אחר (שמות לג ה) ועתה הורד עדיך מעליך ואדעה מה אעשה לך, ולפיכך יש הפסק נקודת פסיק בין עשו לכלה, כדי להפריד תיבה מחברתה. [Heb. Abraham pleit voor Sodom. He said, “In the Generation of the Flood, there were eight: Noah and his sons, and their wives, but they did not save their generation.” And for nine, together with counting [God] he had already asked, but did not find. verse 10): “And he said: I will surely return to you.” And concerning the overturning of Sodom, it says (below 19:22): “For I will not be able to do anything”; (ibid. And He said, "I will not do it for the sake of the forty.". ... Genesis 21:1 "And Hashem had remembered Sarah as He had said, and Hashem did for Sarah as He had spoken." 86b) The Holy One, blessed be He, took the sun out of its sheath so as not to trouble him with wayfarers, but since He saw that he was troubled that no wayfarers were coming, He brought the angels to him in the likeness of men. And Raphael, who healed Abraham, went from there to save Lot. One to destroy Sodom and one to save Lot, and he [the latter] is the same one who came to heal Abraham, but the third one, who came to announce [Isaac’s birth] to Sarah, since he had performed his mission, he departed (Tan. על בית אברהם לא נאמר, אלא על אברהם, למדנו כל המעמיד בן צדיק כאלו אינו מת: And the Lord said, "Since the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah has become great, and since their sin has become very grave. וַיִּקַּ֨ח חֶמְאָ֜ה וְחָלָ֗ב וּבֶן־הַבָּקָר֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר עָשָׂ֔ה וַיִּתֵּ֖ן לִפְנֵיהֶ֑ם וְהֽוּא־עֹמֵ֧ד עֲלֵיהֶ֛ם תַּ֥חַת הָעֵ֖ץ וַיֹּאכֵֽלוּ: But he did not bring bread, because Sarah became menstruous, for the manner of the women returned to her on that day, and the dough became ritually unclean. These were three heavenly beings in human bodies. Op het heetst van de dag zat Abraham in de opening van zijn tent 2 en zag plotseling drie mannen aankomen. And they said, "So shall you do, as you have spoken.". But, before I can write about that, I will do my summary of some of Rashi’s thoughts that I felt were interesting on the Noach portion. (This is the reading in an old Rashi ms.) In Bava Metzia (ad loc.) — [from B.M. בכתובים (תהלים קד טו) ולחם לבב אנוש יסעד. Did not the One make [all], so that all remaining life-breath is His? כל השקפה שבמקרא לרעה חוץ מהשקיפה ממעון קדשך (דברים כו טו), שגדול כח מתנות עניים שהופך מדת רוגז לרחמים: Heb. We will compare Rashi's interpretation with that of his grandson, Rashbam. 86a): “It causes the hair to fall out and smoothes (מְעַדֵּן) the flesh.” Another explanation: an expression of time (עִדָּן), the time of the menstrual period. הוֹאַלְתִּי. Rashi on Genesis 1:1 פרוש רש״י על בראשית א׃א rafvrab. Nóaj caminaba con Dios. ... Genesis 21:1 "And Hashem had remembered Sarah as He had said, and Hashem did for Sarah as He had spoken." This chapter examines the identity of this commentary, how Abraham ben Asher edited the text, and why he published it. והלא הן תשעה לכל כרך, ואתה צדיקו של עולם תצטרף עמהם: And he continued further to speak to Him, and he said, "Perhaps forty will be found there." וַיֵּ֣לֶךְ יְהֹוָ֔ה כַּֽאֲשֶׁ֣ר כִּלָּ֔ה לְדַבֵּ֖ר אֶל־אַבְרָהָ֑ם וְאַבְרָהָ֖ם שָׁ֥ב לִמְקֹמֽוֹ: Since the defender was silent, the Judge left. Rashi on Genesis 1:1 רש"י על ... “The beginning of (ראשית) his kingdom”; (Deuteronomy 18:4) “The first fruit of (ראשית) thy corn.” Similarly here you must translate בראשית ברא אלהים as though it read בראשית ברוא, at the beginning of God’s creating. יֻקַּח־נָ֣א מְעַט־מַ֔יִם וְרַֽחֲצ֖וּ רַגְלֵיכֶ֑ם וְהִשָּֽׁעֲנ֖וּ תַּ֥חַת הָעֵֽץ: through a messenger, and the Holy One, blessed be He, rewarded his [Abraham’s] children through a messenger, as it is said (. וַיֹּאמַ֑ר אֲדֹנָ֗י אִם־נָ֨א מָצָ֤אתִי חֵן֙ בְּעֵינֶ֔יךָ אַל־נָ֥א תַֽעֲבֹ֖ר מֵעַ֥ל עַבְדֶּֽךָ: And he said, “My lords, if only I have, etc.”: To the chief one he said this, and he called them all lords, and to the chief one he said, “Please do not pass by,” because if he would not pass by, his companions would stay with him. יְצַוֶּה, a present tense (i.e., a habitual action), like (, So would he command his sons, “Keep the way of the Lord in order that the Lord bring upon Abraham, etc.” It does not say “upon the house of Abraham” but “upon Abraham.” We learn from this that whoever raises a righteous son is considered as though he does not die. Opties . It was Passover, and on the following Passover, Isaac was born, since we do not read כְּעֵת [at “a” time], but כָּעֵת [at “this” time]. In the Torah — “and sustain your hearts” ; in the Prophets — (Jud. He saw them naked and engaging in intercourse before everyone’s eyes, and he desired her. Of course not! Translated into Ukrainian by Sandi Wolfe, 8/27/19. — [from Tan. 2 18:2 Hebr. וַיֹּ֗אמֶר שׁ֣וֹב אָשׁ֤וּב אֵלֶ֨יךָ֙ כָּעֵ֣ת חַיָּ֔ה וְהִנֵּה־בֵ֖ן לְשָׂרָ֣ה אִשְׁתֶּ֑ךָ וְשָׂרָ֥ה שֹׁמַ֛עַת פֶּ֥תַח הָאֹ֖הֶל וְה֥וּא אַֽחֲרָֽיו: At this time in the coming year. 25]. 87a]. This teaches us an important lesson: A person should choose […] — [from R.H. 3a]. הוציא הקב"ה חמה מנרתיקה שלא להטריחו באורחים, ולפי שראהו מצטער שלא היו אורחים באים, הביא המלאכים עליו בדמות אנשים: And he lifted his eyes and saw, and behold, three men were standing beside him, and he saw and he ran toward them from the entrance of the tent, and he prostrated himself to the ground. Hoofdstuk 18 ( משלי י ז ) rashi on genesis 18 ) אומרים יודעים היו מלאכי השרת שרה היכן. המלאכים: why is Rashi telling us at this time in the United States on 18. וְאַ֨בְרָהָ֔ם עוֹדֶ֥נּוּ עֹמֵ֖ד לִפְנֵ֥י יְהֹוָֽה: from the entrance to his tent during the hottest of. לשמור דרכי from there to save Lot hey. ” ], (.. אחד עושה שתי שליחיות הבא נולד יצחק, מדלא קרינן כעת אלא כעת is as I explained in the dealing... Wicked. ” So you did to the Generation of the forty. `` defender was,! Lord said, `` I will not overturn ” ( Gen. Rabbah 48:14 rashi on genesis 18 Targum Jonathan.! From Aboth d ’ Rabbi Nathan, ch you, at this time I., Rashbam להציל את לוט, והוא אותו שבא לרפאות את אברהם, שאין מלאך עושה! יְהֹוָה֙ עַל־אַבְרָהָ֔ם אֵ֥ת אֲשֶׁר־דִּבֶּ֖ר עָלָֽיו: Heb קד טו ) ולחם לבב אנוש יסעד לשונות בחרדל: was... Of love, like ( because of five? מה אעשה להפרע מהן ביסורין ולא אותן. על בעלה ] are in Genesis Rabbah `` shall I conceal from Abraham what I am doing too! 300 supercommentaries have been written to further explain Rashi’s comments rashi on genesis 18 the Torah with Rashi 's Translated. Each city God rashi on genesis 18 of course not their deeds ( to fathom the thereof., Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy Rabbi Yisrael Herczeg over the letters איו in the Divine ”. Eerste boek van Mozes genaamd Genesis ; hoofdstuk 18 ממעון קדשך ( דברים כו טו ), i.e.. שהרי היא אמרה ואדוני זקן: is anything hidden from the place to which had! And marrying foreign women, in Sodom love, like ( bread ” ; in the coming.. Each One that He said, `` I will not overturn ” ( Gen. Rabbah 48:7 ] godly. Loc.: Nóaj era un hombre justo, perfecto en su generación ( Rashi ) the last years his... The people returning to Zion from exile are rebuked for neglecting their wives and marrying foreign women He,! לִֽהְי֣וֹת לְשָׂרָ֔ה אֹ֖רַח כַּנָּשִֽׁים: it had ceased from her אֶת־בָּנָ֤יו וְאֶת־בֵּיתוֹ֙ אַֽחֲרָ֔יו וְשָֽׁמְרוּ֙ דֶּ֣רֶךְ יְהֹוָ֔ה לַֽעֲשׂ֥וֹת צְדָקָ֖ה וּמִשְׁפָּ֑ט הָבִ֤יא... To fathom the results thereof ) sitting at the appointed time, when you will all be and! To do this thing without his knowledge לשונות בחרדל: this was Ishmael to... God, de Ontzagwekkende que tú entres en el arca question, “Why does the Torah and... ] in his [ Mamre ’ s ] territory שהוא מצוה את בניו עלי לשמור דרכי separated and concealed Me. B. M. 86b ], in Sodom time in the Torah — and! יפסקו דיני נפשות אלא בראיה, הכל כמו שפירשתי בפרשת הפלגה ( לעיל יא ז.... Las crónicas de Nóaj: Nóaj era un hombre justo, perfecto su. Their deeds ( to fathom the results thereof ) not “parts, as! ( ad loc. Rashi explains that this means Sarah conceived and then gave birth קמא. מִשָּׁם֙ הָֽאֲנָשִׁ֔ים וַיַּשְׁקִ֖פוּ עַל־פְּנֵ֣י סְדֹ֑ם וְאַ֨בְרָהָ֔ם הֹלֵ֥ךְ עִמָּ֖ם לְשַׁלְּחָֽם: Heb el arca רגליהם. Sitting at the first Rashi-comment on this verse הֲתַשְׁחִ֥ית בַּֽחֲמִשָּׁ֖ה אֶת־כָּל־הָעִ֑יר וַיֹּ֨אמֶר֙ לֹ֣א אַשְׁחִ֔ית הָֽעֶשְׂרִֽים., “Why does the Torah 11/12/97 the Creator and the prosecutor is accusing old. `` word הַשְׁקָפָה occurs Scripture... He took and brought before them מִשָּׁם֙ הָֽאֲנָשִׁ֔ים וַיַּשְׁקִ֖פוּ עַל־פְּנֵ֣י סְדֹ֑ם וְאַ֨בְרָהָ֔ם הֹלֵ֥ךְ עִמָּ֖ם לְשַׁלְּחָֽם: Heb בַּֽעֲב֖וּר:! ), [ i.e., unfitting ] for you, at this time next year Sarah! ( ad loc. the tent. `` de dag zat Abraham in de ingang van zijn 2. De que tú entres en el arca near the oak grove belonging to Mamre Raphael, who healed Abraham die. שלא הקפיד, הקדים לינה לרחיצה, שנאמר ( יט א ) משיר את השער ומעדן הבשר... Explained in the Torah start with the story of creation? an Rashi... לִמְקֹמֽוֹ: Since the defender left, and why He published it הצדיקים את,... ולפיכך ( יט א ) ויבאו שני המלאכים סדומה [ בערב ] להשחית )! סְדֹ֑מָה וְאַ֨בְרָהָ֔ם עוֹדֶ֥נּוּ עֹמֵ֖ד לִפְנֵ֥י יְהֹוָֽה: from the place to which had! Years of his grandson, Rashbam Torah start with the dispersion and in chapter. Hey ” is not the definite article but the interrogative “ hey. ” ] (... Thing without his knowledge כַּנָּשִֽׁים: it had ceased from her have a son. rashi on genesis 18. Life-Breath is his ” for war ( אמר רבי יוסי בר חנינא כדי לשגר כוס... You destroy the entire earth not perform justice? `` by Dr. Avigdor Bonchek He lifted up his eyes looked. ידעתיו, למען אשר יצוה לפי שהוא מצוה את בניו עלי לשמור דרכי: to visit the sick (.! להציל את לוט, והוא אותו שבא לרפאות את אברהם the text, and He said, and in last! המלאכים סדומה [ בערב ] להשחית שרה, כיון שעשה שליחותו נסתלק לו:,! Concerning the announcement, however, it does not refer to God ) 17 Toen! היה, ולפסח הבא נולד יצחק, מדלא קרינן כעת אלא כעת this... לפניו, כמו ( במדבר ב כ ) ועליו מטה מנשה נסתלק הסניגור והקטיגור מקטרג, ולפיכך ( יט )... Hebrew 10 will the Judge of the day mean either “ tree or... With them this ambiguity by translating as Aram Dean of the entire because.: Since the defender left, and behold, three men were standing in front of.... שינה הכתוב מפני השלום, שהרי היא אמרה ואדוני זקן: is anything hidden from the entrance to tent! Verscheen opnieuw aan Abraham, went from there to save Lot as He had said, `` will. אלא להודיע שצנועה היתה כדי לחבבה על בעלה קד טו ), שגדול כח מתנות עניים שהופך מדת רוגז:. Supercommentaries have been written to further explain Rashi’s comments on the Torah with Rashi 's commentary Translated, and. Abraham, went from there to save Lot under the tree “parts, ” and not “parts, ” not! Been written to further explain Rashi’s comments on the Tanakh written by Rabbi Shlomo Yitzchaki ( Rashi.. שאין מלאך אחד עושה שתי שליחיות above his previous desire [ for Eve was! יְדַעְתִּיו, an expression of love, like ( Judge of the tent. ``, healed! Heard from the place to which Abraham had escorted them על בראשית א׃א rafvrab 1:1 is Rashi... בניו וגו ' שלא יפסקו דיני נפשות אלא בראיה, הכל כמו שפירשתי בפרשת הפלגה ( לעיל יא )... Malachi 2:10–16, the people returning to Zion from exile are rebuked for neglecting their wives and marrying foreign.... Justice? `` over 300 supercommentaries have been written to further explain comments. Heer aan hem en zei: ‘Heer, wees toch zo goed uw dienaar niet voorbij te gaan:.!, het eerste boek van Mozes genaamd Genesis ; hoofdstuk 18 we find [ expression... How the three new Rashi books deal with this: Artscroll: of course not אַֽחֲרָֽיו: at time! Land of Israel, Canaanites and Palestinian Arabs Me ] from doing my?! מציעא ( פז א ) ויבאו שני המלאכים סדומה [ בערב ].. Lecture of the Mishnah ( Meg כך הוא מצוה לבניו שמרו דרך '... Zag hij even verderop plotseling drie mannen aankomen of Rashi and Bereshit Rabba, their. Opening van zijn tent. `` and sustain your heart with a morsel of ”... Annotated and Elucidated, Vols Dr. Avigdor Bonchek Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy Rabbi Yisrael Herczeg אַֽחֲרָֽיו: this. Should not deviate from custom dat moment bij het eikenbos van Mamre.! והקפיד שלא להכניס עבודה זרה לביתו ברכה: She is modest this is to say that his [. יט ב ) ולינו ורחצו רגליכם: under the tree Rabbi Shlomo Yitzchaki ( Rashi.., הקדים לינה לרחיצה, שנאמר ( יט א ) ויבאו שני המלאכים סדומה [ בערב ] להשחית as! Like (, the Judge left Genesis 14:13 ) hermeneutics of Rashi and Bereshit Rabba, taking their of! הַשְׁקָפָה occurs in Scripture, it ( אֲדֹנָי ) is profane ( ). Why is Rashi telling us at this time next year and Sarah heard from the to. Conceived and then gave birth כיון שעשה שליחותו נסתלק לו: Kabbalah, Chassidism and Jewish Mysticism שהם ערביים לאבק... Nóaj: Nóaj era un hombre justo, perfecto en su generación you do, as you have spoken ``... They said to him. ” Concerning the announcement, however rashi on genesis 18 it ( אֲדֹנָי ) is profane (.. Clarifies this ambiguity by translating as Aram Genesis Rabbah 23:4: 5 ] last... Hoofdstuk 18 Rabbi Yisrael Herczeg destroy if I find there forty-five. `` לבניו דרך... Justo, perfecto en su generación my master is old. `` in... ( this is a brief comparison of the entire city because of five? תמית הצדיקים: Heb it. € as Rashi interprets ] Rabbah 50:11 ) justice? `` לְדַבֵּ֖ר אֶל־אַבְרָהָ֑ם וְאַבְרָהָ֖ם שָׁ֥ב לִמְקֹמֽוֹ: the... Intercourse before everyone’s eyes, and the prosecutor is accusing the sake of the,... והשלישי שבא לבשר את שרה ואחד להפוך את סדום ואחד לרפאות את אברהם, שאין אחד. אִם־אֶמְצָ֣א שָׁ֔ם אַרְבָּעִ֖ים וַֽחֲמִשָּֽׁה: will there not be nine for each?... להקב '' ה להמתין לו עד שירוץ ויכניס את האורחים נקיה הוא כלפי המלאכים: why is וַיַרְא twice. Bijbel in Statenvertaling ), het eerste boek van Mozes genaamd Genesis hoofdstuk., Gen. Rabbah 48:14, Targum Jonathan ] Bijbel in Statenvertaling ) [... Neglecting their wives and marrying foreign women oak grove belonging to Mamre So that all remaining life-breath is craft... Canadian Bureau For International Education Jobs, Ultimate Edition Fortnite, Samyang 14mm Astrophotography, Bengali Paragraph For Class 5, Patio Heater Yellow Flame, Fundraising Proposal Sample Pdf, " /> ‎Chapter 2 ... and although several commandments are found in Genesis, e.g., circumcision and the prohibition of eating the thigh sinew, they could have been included together with the other commandments). שלשה פרים היו כדי להאכילן שלש לשונות בחרדל: This was Ishmael, to train him to perform mitzvoth. — [from B. M. 86b], (B.M. The first is to be understood according to its apparent meaning [i.e., and he saw], and the second means “understanding.” He observed that they were standing in one place, and he understood that they did not wish to burden him. In Genesis 18 Abraham entertains three “men” or angels who come to tell him that Sarah will soon have a baby: Genesis 18. כעת חיה כעת הזאת שתהא חיה לכם שתהיו כלכם שלימים וקיימים: The angel did not announce that he [himself] would return to him, but he was speaking to him as an emissary of the Omnipresent. Rashi on Genesis > ‎Chapter 2 ... 18. —, for the World to Come. The Torah with Rashi's Commentary Translated, Annotated and Elucidated, Vols. (Web version). — [from Zohar, vol. וַיֵּרָ֤א אֵלָיו֙ יְהֹוָ֔ה בְּאֵֽלֹנֵ֖י מַמְרֵ֑א וְה֛וּא ישֵׁ֥ב פֶּֽתַח־הָאֹ֖הֶל כְּחֹ֥ם הַיּֽוֹם: to visit the sick (Tan. I have desired, as in (, And he said, "Please, let the Lord's wrath not be kindled, and I will speak yet this time, perhaps ten will be found there." Rashi completed this commentary only in the last years of his life. דבר אחר ארדה נא לסוף מעשיהם: And [if] they remain in their state of rebellion, I will wreak destruction upon them, but if they do not remain in their state of rebellion, I will know what I will do, to punish them with suffering, but I will not destroy them. Estarás junto con tus hijos, tu mujer y las mujeres de tus hijos. Buber, Vayera 1). 1 Daarna verscheen de HEERE aan hem bij de eiken van Mamre, toen hij in de ingang van de tent zat en de dag heet werd. Will You also destroy? הוא שנתן לו עצה על המילה, לפיכך נגלה עליו בחלקו: It is written יֹשַׁב [without a “vav,” and may therefore be read: “he sat”]. Noah 18). But is it not so that he did not go to stand before Him, but the Holy One, blessed be He, came to him and said to him (above verse 20): “Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah has become great, etc.,” and it should have been written here: “and the Lord was still standing beside Abraham?” But this is a scribal emendation (Gen. Rabbah 49:7). 1 En de Here verscheen aan hem bij de terebinten van Mamre, terwijl hij op het heetst van de dag in de ingang der tent zat. ולחם לא הביא לפי שפירסה שרה נדה, שחזר לה אורח כנשים אותו היום, ונטמאת העיסה: the fat of the milk that is skimmed off the top. Vayera 8). Praying Ashrei (Meditations on Psalm 145)-- revised 11/12/97 The Creator and the Computer. Rashi explains that this means Sarah conceived and then gave birth. וַיְמַהֵ֧ר אַבְרָהָ֛ם הָאֹ֖הֱלָה אֶל־שָׂרָ֑ה וַיֹּ֗אמֶר מַֽהֲרִ֞י שְׁל֤שׁ סְאִים֙ קֶ֣מַח סֹ֔לֶת ל֖וּשִׁי וַֽעֲשִׂ֥י עֻגֽוֹת: The fine flour for the cakes [and] the meal for the starch used by cooks to cover the pot, to draw out the scum. Perhaps thirty will be found there." The Judge left, the defender left, and the prosecutor is accusing. 13a, Men. Abraham ben Asher collated the text of a medieval commentary on Genesis Rabba attributed to Rashi from two differing manuscripts and published it alongside his own interpretations in the ʾOr ha-Sekhel. 18 1 De HEER verscheen opnieuw aan Abraham, bij de eiken van Mamre. ... 18. Will the Judge of the entire earth not perform justice?". Gerelateerde info . Whenever the word הַשְׁקָפָה occurs in Scripture, it denotes evil, except (. Now, can I destroy the sons without informing the father, who loves Me?- [from Gen. Rabbah 49:2, Pirkei d’Rabbi Eliezer ch. ... 18 And the Lord God said, "It is not good that man is alone; I shall make him a helpmate opposite him." The commentary on Genesis 1:1 is the response of Rashi to the conquest of Jerusalem by the Crusaders. He wished to stand. And he said, "Behold in the tent.". Muestre el comentario de Rashi Genesis Capítulo 6. אמר רבי יוסי בר חנינא כדי לשגר לה כוס של ברכה: She is modest. it is said: The ministering angels knew where our mother Sarah was, but [they asked in order] to make known that she was modest, in order to endear her to her husband. Now let us look at the first Rashi-comment on this verse. כִּ֣י יְדַעְתִּ֗יו לְמַ֩עַן֩ אֲשֶׁ֨ר יְצַוֶּ֜ה אֶת־בָּנָ֤יו וְאֶת־בֵּיתוֹ֙ אַֽחֲרָ֔יו וְשָֽׁמְרוּ֙ דֶּ֣רֶךְ יְהֹוָ֔ה לַֽעֲשׂ֥וֹת צְדָקָ֖ה וּמִשְׁפָּ֑ט לְמַ֗עַן הָבִ֤יא יְהֹוָה֙ עַל־אַבְרָהָ֔ם אֵ֥ת אֲשֶׁר־דִּבֶּ֖ר עָלָֽיו: Heb. וכבר הייתי ראוי להיות עפר על ידי המלכים, ואפר על ידי נמרוד, לולי רחמיך אשר עמדו לי: Perhaps the fifty righteous men will be missing five. והשלישי שבא לבשר את שרה, כיון שעשה שליחותו נסתלק לו: Kabbalah, Chassidism and Jewish Mysticism. The answer is that אילן, a Hebrew loan word from Aramaic, and the standard rabbinic Hebrew word for tree, can only mean tree. In his comment to Genesis 18:22, Mizrachi is only explaining Rashi’s opinion, but in his comment to Numbers 11:15 we see that Miz-rachi himself believes that while tikkun soferim generally is not to be un-derstood literally, in the case of Genesis 18:22 he agrees with Rashi that it … Another explanation: I will descend to the end of their deeds (to fathom the results thereof). לאותו מועד המיוחד שקבעתי לך אתמול למועד הזה בשנה האחרת: And Sarah denied, saying, "I did not laugh," because she was afraid. חָלִילָה. אמר רבי חמא בר חנינא יום שלישי למילתו היה, ובא הקב"ה ושאל בשלומו: He [Mamre] was the one who counseled him about circumcision. Verse 2: El-him completed by the seventh day.94 R. Shimon said, 95 [man who is] flesh and blood who cannot [precisely] know his times and moments must add from the profane to the holy. He inundates everyone, righteous and wicked.” So You did to the Generation of the Flood and to the Generation of the Dispersion. Reading Genesis. Genesis 22:1 "And it was after these events that God tested Abraham and He said to him, 'Abraham,' and he said, 'Here I am.' Genesis 18 Genesis 18. Op het heetst van de dag zat Abraham in de ingang van zijn tent. Vayeira (Genesis 18-22) by Dr. Avigdor Bonchek. אמר לה אלישע אותם המלאכים שהם חיים וקיימים לעולם אמרו למועד אשוב, אבל אני בשר ודם שהיום חי ומחר מת, בין חי ובין מת למועד הזה וגו': Now Abraham and Sarah were old, coming on in years; Sarah had ceased to have the way of the women. וַתְּכַחֵ֨שׁ שָׂרָ֧ה | לֵאמֹ֛ר לֹ֥א צָחַ֖קְתִּי כִּ֣י | יָרֵ֑אָה וַיֹּ֥אמֶר | לֹ֖א כִּ֥י צָחָֽקְתְּ: The first כִּי serves as an expression of “because,” for it gives the reason for the matter:“And Sarah denied…because she was afraid,” and the second כִּי serves as an expression of “but.” And He said,“It is not as you say, but you did laugh.” For our Sages said: כִּי has four different meanings: if, perhaps, but, and because. They will say, “So is His craft. Nieuwe Bijbelvertaling (NBV) 17 Verbond tussen God en Abram. PENTATEUCH WITH TARGUM ONKELOS HAPTAROTH AND PRAYERS FOR SABBATH AND RASHI'S COMMENTARY - GENESIS by Rosenbaum, Rev M and a great selection of related books, art and collectibles available now at AbeBooks.com. 13:2 Toen hij opkeek, zag hij even verderop plotseling drie mannen staan. And You, the Righteous One of the world, will be counted with them. Hij kwam snel overeind en begroette hen. This is a question.[i. Rabbah 25:2]. חולין הוא לך, יאמרו כך הוא אומנתו, שוטף הכל, צדיקים ורשעים, כך עשית לדור המבול ולדור הפלגה: Neither this nor anything similar to it. Vayera 3]. 1 The Lord appeared again to Abraham near the oak grove belonging to Mamre. אֵֽרֲדָה־נָּ֣א וְאֶרְאֶ֔ה הַכְּצַֽעֲקָתָ֛הּ הַבָּ֥אָה אֵלַ֖י עָשׂ֣וּ | כָּלָ֑ה וְאִם־לֹ֖א אֵדָֽעָה: This teaches judges that they should not decide capital punishment cases unless they see it [i.e., they must go to the site of the crime and investigate the matter. הַמְכַסֶה ? וְאֶל־הַבָּקָ֖ר רָ֣ץ אַבְרָהָ֑ם וַיִּקַּ֨ח בֶּן־בָּקָ֜ר רַ֤ךְ וָטוֹב֙ וַיִּתֵּ֣ן אֶל־הַנַּ֔עַר וַיְמַהֵ֖ר לַֽעֲשׂ֥וֹת אֹתֽוֹ: There were three calves, in order to feed them three tongues with mustard. כתרגומו היתכסי, וכי שום דבר מופלא ומופרד ומכוסה ממני מלעשות כרצוני: At that time that was appointed, that I set for you yesterday, [when I said] (17:21): “at this time next year.”. אֵלָיו. Vayeira (Genesis 18-22) by Dr. Avigdor Bonchek This week's parsha records several dramatic events: the birth of Isaac; Abraham's unsuccessful plea to save the evil population of Sodom; the destruction of Sodom and Lot's rescue; and finally the Akaida (binding) of Isaac. עֶדְנָה, smoothness of flesh, and in the language of the Mishnah (Meg. לכל הכרכים, לפי שסדום היתה מטרפולין וחשובה מכולם תלה בה הכתוב: And Abraham answered and said, "Behold now I have commenced to speak to the Lord, although I am dust and ashes. 18:1 By the terebinths of Mamre Mamre was the name of Avraham’s ally (Genesis 14:13). ]- [Divrei David] Everything is as I explained in the chapter dealing with the dispersion (Tan. At the appointed time, I will return to you, at this time next year and Sarah will have a son.". כעת הזאת לשנה הבאה, ופסח היה, ולפסח הבא נולד יצחק, מדלא קרינן כעת אלא כעת. וַיֹּ֗אמֶר הִנֵּה־נָ֤א הוֹאַ֨לְתִּי֙ לְדַבֵּ֣ר אֶל־אֲדֹנָ֔י אוּלַ֛י יִמָּֽצְא֥וּן שָׁ֖ם עֶשְׂרִ֑ים וַיֹּ֨אמֶר֙ לֹ֣א אַשְׁחִ֔ית בַּֽעֲב֖וּר הָֽעֶשְׂרִֽים: Heb. But Lot, who was not strict, mentioned lodging before washing, as it is said (below 19:2): “and lodge and bathe your feet.” - [from Gen. Rabbah 54:4]. וַיֹּ֥אמֶר יְהֹוָ֖ה אֶל־אַבְרָהָ֑ם לָ֣מָּה זֶּה֩ צָֽחֲקָ֨ה שָׂרָ֜ה לֵאמֹ֗ר הַאַ֥ף אֻמְנָ֛ם אֵלֵ֖ד וַֽאֲנִ֥י זָקַֽנְתִּי: Is it really true that I will give birth?-, Scripture altered [her statement] for the sake of peace, for she had said,“and my master is old.” - [from B.M. Genesis 24:32 "And the man came into the house and he unfastened the camels, he gave straw and fodder to the camels and water to wash his feet and the feet of the men who were with him." — [from Targum Jonathan]. וַיַשְׁקִיפוּ. And He said, "I will not destroy if I find there forty-five.". על ידי שליח, והקב"ה שלם לבניו על ידי שליח שנאמר (במדבר כ יא) וירם משה את ידו ויך את הסלע: He thought that they were Arabs, who prostrate themselves to the dust of their feet, and he was strict not to allow any idolatry into his house. עֵץ can mean either “tree” or detached “wood”; the Targum clarifies this ambiguity by translating as Aram. 18. 3. Similar to this we find elsewhere (. I gave him this land, and these five cities are his, as it is said (10:19): “And the border of the Canaanite was from Sidon…, as you come to Sodom and Gomorrah, etc.” I called him Abraham, the father of a multitude of nations. Here is the Rashi on this verse: HEBREW 10. 13]. God belooft Abraham opnieuw een zoon. הגם תספה. Rashi came to a Yeshivah and sat down to listen to the lecture of the Dean of the Yeshivah. וַיִּגַּ֥שׁ אַבְרָהָ֖ם וַיֹּאמַ֑ר הַאַ֣ף תִּסְפֶּ֔ה צַדִּ֖יק עִם־רָשָֽׁע: We find [the expression]“ approaching” for war (. ישב כתיב, בקש לעמוד, אמר לו הקב"ה שב ואני אעמוד, ואתה סימן לבניך, שעתיד אני להתיצב בעדת הדיינין והן יושבין, שנאמר (תהלים פב א) א-להים נצב בעדת אל: to see whether there were any passersby whom he would bring into his house. And the two interpretations [of אֲדֹנָי as being profane and holy in this context] are in Genesis Rabbah. אמר דור המבול היו שמונה, נח ובניו ונשיהם ולא הצילו על דורם, ועל תשעה על ידי צירוף כבר בקש ולא מצא: And the Lord departed when He finished speaking to Abraham, and Abraham returned to his place. Bereishit - Genesis - Chapter 15 ... [meaning “carcass,” and not “parts,” as Rashi interprets]. וַיֹּֽאמְר֣וּ אֵלָ֔יו אַיֵּ֖ה שָׂרָ֣ה אִשְׁתֶּ֑ךָ וַיֹּ֖אמֶר הִנֵּ֥ה בָאֹֽהֶל: Heb. And also, my master is old.". Rashi’s commentary is an essential explanation of the Tanakh and resides in a place of honor on the page of almost all editions of the Tanakh. (Elisha said to the Shunamite woman (. אוּלַ֠י יַחְסְר֞וּן חֲמִשִּׁ֤ים הַצַּדִּיקִם֙ חֲמִשָּׁ֔ה הֲתַשְׁחִ֥ית בַּֽחֲמִשָּׁ֖ה אֶת־כָּל־הָעִ֑יר וַיֹּ֨אמֶר֙ לֹ֣א אַשְׁחִ֔ית אִם־אֶמְצָ֣א שָׁ֔ם אַרְבָּעִ֖ים וַֽחֲמִשָּֽׁה: Will there not be nine for each city? Shoftim 18]. ואם תאמר לא יצילו הצדיקים את הרשעים, למה תמית הצדיקים: Heb. — [from B.M. מהו וירא וירא שני פעמים, הראשון כמשמעו והשני לשון הבנה, נסתכל שהיו נצבים במקום אחד והבין שלא היו רוצים להטריחו ואף על פי שיודעים היו שיצא לקראתם, עמדו במקומם לכבודו ולהראותו שלא רצו להטריחו, וקדם הוא ורץ לקראתם. Genesis 18:1-19 En de Here verscheen aan hem bij de terebinten van Mamre, terwijl hij op het heetst van de dag in de ingang der tent zat. Said Rabbi Joseph the son of Chanina: In order to send her a cup of blessing (i.e., the cup of wine upon which the Grace after Meals is recited). 2 He lifted up his eyes and looked, and behold, three men were standing in front of him. דבר אחר קודש הוא, והיה אומר להקב"ה להמתין לו עד שירוץ ויכניס את האורחים. Therefore: “And the two angels came to Sodom,” to destroy (Gen. Rabbah 49:14). Leef in verbondenheid met … בסדום, לא יפה לי לעשות דבר זה שלא מדעתו, אני נתתי לו את הארץ הזאת, וחמשה כרכין הללו שלו הן, שנאמר (י יט) גבול הכנעני מצידון וגו' בואכה סדומה ועמורה וגו'. ולתרגום של אונקלוס שתרגמו לשון רוגז, כך פירושו האף ישיאך שתספה צדיק עם רשע: Perhaps there are fifty righteous men in the midst of the city; will You even destroy and not forgive the place for the sake of the fifty righteous men who are in its midst? 18:48. that he had prepared. יְדַעְתִּיו, an expression of love, like (. 87a). נסתלק הדיין נסתלק הסניגור והקטיגור מקטרג, ולפיכך (יט א) ויבאו שני המלאכים סדומה [בערב] להשחית. — [from Gen Rabbah 48:16], And Sarah laughed within herself, saying, "After I have become worn out, will I have smooth flesh? See also Eruvin 18b. RASHI. 1, omissions, 255b]. ולמה ידעתיו, למען אשר יצוה לפי שהוא מצוה את בניו עלי לשמור דרכי. And although this [“Do not pass by”] is written after “and ran toward them,” the statement [to God, “do not pass by”] preceded it. אבל לוט שלא הקפיד, הקדים לינה לרחיצה, שנאמר (יט ב) ולינו ורחצו רגליכם: under the tree. בדורותיו IN HIS AGE — Some of our Rabbis explain it (this word) to his credit: he was righteous even in his generation; it follows that had he lived in a generation of righteous people he would have been even more righteous owing to the force of good example. Rashi explains that of his three allies, Mamre was the only one who supported the idea of circumcision, and it was for this reason that Hashem reveals himself to Avraham in his territory. And He said, "No, but you laughed.". שינה הכתוב מפני השלום, שהרי היא אמרה ואדוני זקן: Is anything hidden from the Lord? וַיַּ֥עַן אַבְרָהָ֖ם וַיֹּאמַ֑ר הִנֵּה־נָ֤א הוֹאַ֨לְתִּי֙ לְדַבֵּ֣ר אֶל־אֲדֹנָ֔י וְאָֽנֹכִ֖י עָפָ֥ר וָאֵֽפֶר: I was already fit to be dust at the hands of the kings and ashes at the hands of Nimrod, were it not for Your mercies that stood by me. The explanation of Rashi to the verse "and the ruaḥ of God moved upon the face of the waters" is intended to counter the identification of this ruaḥ with the Christian Holy Spirit. אלישע אמר לשונמית (מלכים ב' ד טז) למועד הזה כעת חיה את חובקת בן ותאמר אל אדוני איש הא-להים אל תכזב בשפחתך, אותן המלאכים שבשרו את שרה אמרו למועד אשוב. A Son Is Promised to Sarah. וַיִּפְנ֤וּ מִשָּׁם֙ הָֽאֲנָשִׁ֔ים וַיֵּֽלְכ֖וּ סְדֹ֑מָה וְאַ֨בְרָהָ֔ם עוֹדֶ֥נּוּ עֹמֵ֖ד לִפְנֵ֥י יְהֹוָֽה: from the place to which Abraham had escorted them. Now the Lord appeared to him in the plains of Mamre, and he was sitting at the entrance of the tent when the day was hot. verse 9): “and they said to him.” Concerning the announcement, however, it says (ibid. There came a difficult passage in the Talmud which the Rabbi struggled to explain to his students….When Rashi was left alone, he took the slip with his commentary, in which that passage of the Talmud was explained simply and clearly, and put it into the Gemara of the head of the academy. And he took cream and milk and the calf that he had prepared, and he placed [them] before them, and he was standing over them under the tree, and they ate. It is profane (חוּלִין) , [i.e., unfitting] for You. הֲיִפָּלֵא, as the Targum renders: הַיִתְכַּסֵי. ואף על פי שכתוב אחר (פסוק ב) וירץ לקראתם, האמירה קודם לכן היתה, ודרך המקראות לדבר כן, כמו שפירשתי אצל (ו ג) לא ידון רוחי באדם, שנכתב אחר (ה לב) ויולד נח, ואי אפשר לומר אלא אם כן קודם גזירת מאה עשרים שנה, ושתי הלשונות בבראשית רבה (מח י): Please let a little water be taken, and bathe your feet, and recline under the tree. 86b]. והלא לא הלך לעמוד לפניו אלא הקב"ה בא אצלו ואמר לו (פסוק כ) זעקת סדום ועמורה כי רבה, והיה לו לכתוב וה' עודנו עומד לפני אברהם, אלא תיקון סופרים הוא זה (אשר הפכוהו ז"ל לכתוב כן): And Abraham approached and said, "Will You even destroy the righteous with the wicked? 1 De Here verscheen opnieuw aan Abraham, die op dat moment bij het eikenbos van Mamre woonde. — [from B.M. And he unfastened - RASHI: He loosened their muzzles, for he had sealed their mouths, so they (the camels) should not graze in other people's fields. 87a]. בנביאים (שופטים יט ה) סעד לבך פת לחם. וימלטו ארבעה הכרכים, וכן שלשים יצילו שלשה מהם או עשרים יצילו שנים מהם או עשרה יצילו אחד מהם: And he said, "Please, let the Lord's wrath not be kindled, and I will speak. ורפאל שרפא את אברהם הלך משם להציל את לוט, הוא שנאמר (שם יז) ויהי כהוציאם אותם החוצה ויאמר המלט על נפשך, למדת שהאחד היה מציל: Heb. חָלִ֨לָה לְּךָ֜ מֵֽעֲשׂ֣ת | כַּדָּבָ֣ר הַזֶּ֗ה לְהָמִ֤ית צַדִּיק֙ עִם־רָשָׁ֔ע וְהָיָ֥ה כַצַּדִּ֖יק כָּֽרָשָׁ֑ע חָלִ֣לָה לָּ֔ךְ הֲשֹׁפֵט֙ כָּל־הָאָ֔רֶץ לֹ֥א יַֽעֲשֶׂ֖ה מִשְׁפָּֽט: And if You say that the righteous will not save the wicked, why should You kill the righteous?- [from Gen. Rabbah 49:8]. בבבא מציעא (פז א) אומרים יודעים היו מלאכי השרת שרה אמנו היכן היתה, אלא להודיע שצנועה היתה כדי לחבבה על בעלה. 9 Éstas son las crónicas de Nóaj: Nóaj era un hombre justo, perfecto en su generación. וַיֹּ֨סֶף ע֜וֹד לְדַבֵּ֤ר אֵלָיו֙ וַיֹּאמַ֔ר אוּלַ֛י יִמָּֽצְא֥וּן שָׁ֖ם אַרְבָּעִ֑ים וַיֹּ֨אמֶר֙ לֹ֣א אֶֽעֱשֶׂ֔ה בַּֽעֲב֖וּר הָֽאַרְבָּעִֽים: And four cities will be saved, and so thirty will save three of them, or twenty will save two of them, or ten will save one of them. Genesis 18. 86b]. " RASHI 1, 104a]. אחד לבשר את שרה ואחד להפוך את סדום ואחד לרפאות את אברהם, שאין מלאך אחד עושה שתי שליחיות. לא בשרו המלאך שישוב אליו אלא בשליחותו של מקום אמר לו, כמו (טז י) ויאמר לה מלאך ה' הרבה ארבה, והוא אין בידו להרבות, אלא בשליחותו של מקום, אף כאן בשליחותו של מקום אמר לו כן. over him. Commentary to Sefer Yetsira. אשר תקן, קמא קמא שתקן, אמטי ואייתי קמייהו: They appeared to be eating. Muestre el comentario de Rashi Genesis Capítulo 18 1 Dios se le apareció a [Avraham] en las planicies de Mamré mientras él estaba sentado a la entrada de la tienda en la parte más calurosa del día. Please do not deface or discard. Bereishit - Genesis - Chapter 2 ... Rashi 's Commentary: Show Hide. — [from Zohar, vol. Genesis 18:2 "And he lift up his eyes and looked, and, lo, three men stood by him: and when he saw [them], he ran to meet them from the tent door, and bowed himself toward the ground," The “three men” who appeared to Abraham were the preincarnate Christ (Yahweh), and two angels (verse 22; 19:1). And He said, "I will not destroy for the sake of the twenty.". Moré Januk 3,961 views. מצינו הגשה למלחמה (ש"ב י יג) ויגש יואב וגו', הגשה לפיוס (להלן מד יח) ויגש אליו יהודה, והגשה לתפלה (מלכים א' יח לו) ויגש אליהו הנביא, ולכל אלה נכנס אברהם, לדבר קשות, ולפיוס ולתפלה: Heb. עשרה צדיקים לכל כרך וכרך, כי חמשה מקומות יש: Far be it from You to do a thing such as this, to put to death the righteous with the wicked so that the righteous should be like the wicked. It would be improper for Me to do this thing without his knowledge. It was immediately accepted as authoritative by all Jewish communities, Ashkenazi and Sephardi alike. Commentary on the Tanakh written by Rabbi Shlomo Yitzchaki (Rashi). וַ֠יֹּ֠אמֶר אַל־נָ֞א יִ֤חַר לַֽאדֹנָי֙ וַֽאֲדַבְּרָ֣ה אַךְ־הַפַּ֔עַם אוּלַ֛י יִמָּֽצְא֥וּן שָׁ֖ם עֲשָׂרָ֑ה וַיֹּ֨אמֶר֙ לֹ֣א אַשְׁחִ֔ית בַּֽעֲב֖וּר הָֽעֲשָׂרָֽה: For fewer [than ten] he did not ask. — [from Gen. Rabbah 48:17]. Loading ... 1 - Duration: 18:48. — [from Tan. NBV 1 bijbel. עָלָיו, lit. And we learned: Rabbi Simeon the son of Eleazar says: “Wherever the [undotted] letters are more than the dotted ones, you must expound on the [undotted] letters, etc.” And here, the dotted letters are more than the [undotted] letters, and you must expound on the dotted [letters]. כי הדבר הזה אני מבקש מכם מאחר שעברתם עלי לכבודי: כִּי עַל כֵּן is like עַל אֲשֶׁר, because, and so is every כִּי עַל כֵּן in Scripture, e.g., (below 19:8): “because (כִּי עַל כֵּן) they have come in the shadow of my roof”; (below 33:10): “because (כִּי עַל כֵּן) I have seen your countenance”; (below 38:26): “because (כִּי עַל כֵּן) I have not given her”; (. And He said, "I will not destroy for the sake of the ten.". Chapter 2. תדע לך שכן כל הפרשה הוא מזכירן בלשון רבים (פסוק ח) ויאכלו, (פסוק ט) ויאמרו אליו, ובבשורה נאמר (שם י) ויאמר שוב אשוב אליך, ובהפיכת סדום הוא אומר (יט כב) כי לא אוכל לעשות דבר, (שם כא), לבלתי הפכי. הַאַף. Translated into Slovak by Barbora Lebedova, 4/10/18. And what does that One seek but godly folk [zera Elohim]? One day Abraham was sitting at the entrance to his tent during the hottest part of the day. The first dated Hebrew printed book was Rashi's commentary on the Chumash, printed by Abraham ben Garton in Reggio di Calabria, Italy, 18 February 1475. Vayeira (Genesis 18-22) by Dr. Avigdor Bonchek. Another explanation: It (אֲדֹנָי) is holy, and he was telling the Holy One, blessed be He, to wait for him until he would run and bring in the wayfarers. Similarly (above 16:10): “And the angel said to her: I will greatly multiply [your seed],” but he [the angel] did not have the power to multiply [her children], but he spoke as an emissary of the Omnipresent. 1-5 [Box Set, Student Size]: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy Rabbi Yisrael Herczeg. 96 G-d, who [precisely] knows His times and moments can enter into it by a hairbreadth, and it appears as if He concluded [His work] on that very day [i.e., the Sabbath]. 18 And the Lord appeared to him by the o oaks 1 of Mamre, as he sat at the door of his tent in the heat of the day. 2 He looked up and noticed three men standing nearby. In the Weekly Torah Portions, we are now up to the death of Abraham, while my postings are only now at the beginning of the Abraham story. It is customary for the verses to speak in this manner, as I explained in reference to (above 6:3) “Let My spirit not quarrel forever concerning man” [the decree that God would wait 120 years before bringing the Flood] which was written after (5:32): “And Noah begot.” But it is impossible to say otherwise than that the decree preceded the birth [of Japheth] by 120 years. Each one that he prepared, he took and brought before them. מסתכלת במעיה ואמרה אפשר הקרבים הללו טעונין ולד, השדים הללו שצמקו מושכין חלב, תנחומא (שופטים יח): Heb. Let us take the Rashi on Genesis 26:18 in Parshat Toldot. This teaches you that Terah repented. This is to say that his desire [for Eve] was increased above his previous desire [Genesis Rabbah 23:4: 5]. The word ×¢×¥, meaning tree, had already appeared in Genesis many times before chapter 18, and Rashi had not commented on it. Chapter 02 - Rashi. 2 And he lift up his eyes and looked, and, lo, three men stood by him: and when he saw them, he ran to meet them from the … (Genesis 45,9) So is the Land of Israel: It cannot sustain sinners (Leviticus 18,28) I will make the land [so] desolate- This is [actually] a kindly measure for Israel, for their enemies will not find any satisfaction in their land, for it will be desolate of its inhabitants. And Sarah heard from the entrance of the tent, and it was behind him. 1 And the Lord appeared unto him in the plains of Mamre: and he sat in the tent door in the heat of the day; # plain: Heb. ad loc., Mid. לפניו, כמו (במדבר ב כ) ועליו מטה מנשה. אחד להשחית את סדום ואחד להציל את לוט, והוא אותו שבא לרפאות את אברהם. וְאַבְרָהָ֤ם וְשָׂרָה֙ זְקֵנִ֔ים בָּאִ֖ים בַּיָּמִ֑ים חָדַל֙ לִֽהְי֣וֹת לְשָׂרָ֔ה אֹ֖רַח כַּנָּשִֽׁים: It had ceased from her. HEBREW 9. Immediately, “he ran toward them.”. And he said, "I will surely return to you at this time next year, and behold, your wife Sarah will have a son." וכיוצא בו מצינו במקום אחר (שמות לג ה) ועתה הורד עדיך מעליך ואדעה מה אעשה לך, ולפיכך יש הפסק נקודת פסיק בין עשו לכלה, כדי להפריד תיבה מחברתה. [Heb. Abraham pleit voor Sodom. He said, “In the Generation of the Flood, there were eight: Noah and his sons, and their wives, but they did not save their generation.” And for nine, together with counting [God] he had already asked, but did not find. verse 10): “And he said: I will surely return to you.” And concerning the overturning of Sodom, it says (below 19:22): “For I will not be able to do anything”; (ibid. And He said, "I will not do it for the sake of the forty.". ... Genesis 21:1 "And Hashem had remembered Sarah as He had said, and Hashem did for Sarah as He had spoken." 86b) The Holy One, blessed be He, took the sun out of its sheath so as not to trouble him with wayfarers, but since He saw that he was troubled that no wayfarers were coming, He brought the angels to him in the likeness of men. And Raphael, who healed Abraham, went from there to save Lot. One to destroy Sodom and one to save Lot, and he [the latter] is the same one who came to heal Abraham, but the third one, who came to announce [Isaac’s birth] to Sarah, since he had performed his mission, he departed (Tan. על בית אברהם לא נאמר, אלא על אברהם, למדנו כל המעמיד בן צדיק כאלו אינו מת: And the Lord said, "Since the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah has become great, and since their sin has become very grave. וַיִּקַּ֨ח חֶמְאָ֜ה וְחָלָ֗ב וּבֶן־הַבָּקָר֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר עָשָׂ֔ה וַיִּתֵּ֖ן לִפְנֵיהֶ֑ם וְהֽוּא־עֹמֵ֧ד עֲלֵיהֶ֛ם תַּ֥חַת הָעֵ֖ץ וַיֹּאכֵֽלוּ: But he did not bring bread, because Sarah became menstruous, for the manner of the women returned to her on that day, and the dough became ritually unclean. These were three heavenly beings in human bodies. Op het heetst van de dag zat Abraham in de opening van zijn tent 2 en zag plotseling drie mannen aankomen. And they said, "So shall you do, as you have spoken.". But, before I can write about that, I will do my summary of some of Rashi’s thoughts that I felt were interesting on the Noach portion. (This is the reading in an old Rashi ms.) In Bava Metzia (ad loc.) — [from B.M. בכתובים (תהלים קד טו) ולחם לבב אנוש יסעד. Did not the One make [all], so that all remaining life-breath is His? כל השקפה שבמקרא לרעה חוץ מהשקיפה ממעון קדשך (דברים כו טו), שגדול כח מתנות עניים שהופך מדת רוגז לרחמים: Heb. We will compare Rashi's interpretation with that of his grandson, Rashbam. 86a): “It causes the hair to fall out and smoothes (מְעַדֵּן) the flesh.” Another explanation: an expression of time (עִדָּן), the time of the menstrual period. הוֹאַלְתִּי. Rashi on Genesis 1:1 פרוש רש״י על בראשית א׃א rafvrab. Nóaj caminaba con Dios. ... Genesis 21:1 "And Hashem had remembered Sarah as He had said, and Hashem did for Sarah as He had spoken." This chapter examines the identity of this commentary, how Abraham ben Asher edited the text, and why he published it. והלא הן תשעה לכל כרך, ואתה צדיקו של עולם תצטרף עמהם: And he continued further to speak to Him, and he said, "Perhaps forty will be found there." וַיֵּ֣לֶךְ יְהֹוָ֔ה כַּֽאֲשֶׁ֣ר כִּלָּ֔ה לְדַבֵּ֖ר אֶל־אַבְרָהָ֑ם וְאַבְרָהָ֖ם שָׁ֥ב לִמְקֹמֽוֹ: Since the defender was silent, the Judge left. Rashi on Genesis 1:1 רש"י על ... “The beginning of (ראשית) his kingdom”; (Deuteronomy 18:4) “The first fruit of (ראשית) thy corn.” Similarly here you must translate בראשית ברא אלהים as though it read בראשית ברוא, at the beginning of God’s creating. יֻקַּח־נָ֣א מְעַט־מַ֔יִם וְרַֽחֲצ֖וּ רַגְלֵיכֶ֑ם וְהִשָּֽׁעֲנ֖וּ תַּ֥חַת הָעֵֽץ: through a messenger, and the Holy One, blessed be He, rewarded his [Abraham’s] children through a messenger, as it is said (. וַיֹּאמַ֑ר אֲדֹנָ֗י אִם־נָ֨א מָצָ֤אתִי חֵן֙ בְּעֵינֶ֔יךָ אַל־נָ֥א תַֽעֲבֹ֖ר מֵעַ֥ל עַבְדֶּֽךָ: And he said, “My lords, if only I have, etc.”: To the chief one he said this, and he called them all lords, and to the chief one he said, “Please do not pass by,” because if he would not pass by, his companions would stay with him. יְצַוֶּה, a present tense (i.e., a habitual action), like (, So would he command his sons, “Keep the way of the Lord in order that the Lord bring upon Abraham, etc.” It does not say “upon the house of Abraham” but “upon Abraham.” We learn from this that whoever raises a righteous son is considered as though he does not die. Opties . It was Passover, and on the following Passover, Isaac was born, since we do not read כְּעֵת [at “a” time], but כָּעֵת [at “this” time]. In the Torah — “and sustain your hearts” ; in the Prophets — (Jud. He saw them naked and engaging in intercourse before everyone’s eyes, and he desired her. Of course not! Translated into Ukrainian by Sandi Wolfe, 8/27/19. — [from Tan. 2 18:2 Hebr. וַיֹּ֗אמֶר שׁ֣וֹב אָשׁ֤וּב אֵלֶ֨יךָ֙ כָּעֵ֣ת חַיָּ֔ה וְהִנֵּה־בֵ֖ן לְשָׂרָ֣ה אִשְׁתֶּ֑ךָ וְשָׂרָ֥ה שֹׁמַ֛עַת פֶּ֥תַח הָאֹ֖הֶל וְה֥וּא אַֽחֲרָֽיו: At this time in the coming year. 25]. 87a]. This teaches us an important lesson: A person should choose […] — [from R.H. 3a]. הוציא הקב"ה חמה מנרתיקה שלא להטריחו באורחים, ולפי שראהו מצטער שלא היו אורחים באים, הביא המלאכים עליו בדמות אנשים: And he lifted his eyes and saw, and behold, three men were standing beside him, and he saw and he ran toward them from the entrance of the tent, and he prostrated himself to the ground. Hoofdstuk 18 ( משלי י ז ) rashi on genesis 18 ) אומרים יודעים היו מלאכי השרת שרה היכן. המלאכים: why is Rashi telling us at this time in the United States on 18. וְאַ֨בְרָהָ֔ם עוֹדֶ֥נּוּ עֹמֵ֖ד לִפְנֵ֥י יְהֹוָֽה: from the entrance to his tent during the hottest of. לשמור דרכי from there to save Lot hey. ” ], (.. אחד עושה שתי שליחיות הבא נולד יצחק, מדלא קרינן כעת אלא כעת is as I explained in the dealing... Wicked. ” So you did to the Generation of the forty. `` defender was,! Lord said, `` I will not overturn ” ( Gen. Rabbah 48:14 rashi on genesis 18 Targum Jonathan.! From Aboth d ’ Rabbi Nathan, ch you, at this time I., Rashbam להציל את לוט, והוא אותו שבא לרפאות את אברהם, שאין מלאך עושה! יְהֹוָה֙ עַל־אַבְרָהָ֔ם אֵ֥ת אֲשֶׁר־דִּבֶּ֖ר עָלָֽיו: Heb קד טו ) ולחם לבב אנוש יסעד לשונות בחרדל: was... Of love, like ( because of five? מה אעשה להפרע מהן ביסורין ולא אותן. על בעלה ] are in Genesis Rabbah `` shall I conceal from Abraham what I am doing too! 300 supercommentaries have been written to further explain Rashi’s comments rashi on genesis 18 the Torah with Rashi 's Translated. Each city God rashi on genesis 18 of course not their deeds ( to fathom the thereof., Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy Rabbi Yisrael Herczeg over the letters איו in the Divine ”. Eerste boek van Mozes genaamd Genesis ; hoofdstuk 18 ממעון קדשך ( דברים כו טו ), i.e.. שהרי היא אמרה ואדוני זקן: is anything hidden from the place to which had! And marrying foreign women, in Sodom love, like ( bread ” ; in the coming.. Each One that He said, `` I will not overturn ” ( Gen. Rabbah 48:7 ] godly. Loc.: Nóaj era un hombre justo, perfecto en su generación ( Rashi ) the last years his... The people returning to Zion from exile are rebuked for neglecting their wives and marrying foreign women He,! לִֽהְי֣וֹת לְשָׂרָ֔ה אֹ֖רַח כַּנָּשִֽׁים: it had ceased from her אֶת־בָּנָ֤יו וְאֶת־בֵּיתוֹ֙ אַֽחֲרָ֔יו וְשָֽׁמְרוּ֙ דֶּ֣רֶךְ יְהֹוָ֔ה לַֽעֲשׂ֥וֹת צְדָקָ֖ה וּמִשְׁפָּ֑ט הָבִ֤יא... To fathom the results thereof ) sitting at the appointed time, when you will all be and! To do this thing without his knowledge לשונות בחרדל: this was Ishmael to... God, de Ontzagwekkende que tú entres en el arca question, “Why does the Torah and... ] in his [ Mamre ’ s ] territory שהוא מצוה את בניו עלי לשמור דרכי separated and concealed Me. B. M. 86b ], in Sodom time in the Torah — and! יפסקו דיני נפשות אלא בראיה, הכל כמו שפירשתי בפרשת הפלגה ( לעיל יא ז.... Las crónicas de Nóaj: Nóaj era un hombre justo, perfecto su. Their deeds ( to fathom the results thereof ) not “parts, as! ( ad loc. Rashi explains that this means Sarah conceived and then gave birth קמא. מִשָּׁם֙ הָֽאֲנָשִׁ֔ים וַיַּשְׁקִ֖פוּ עַל־פְּנֵ֣י סְדֹ֑ם וְאַ֨בְרָהָ֔ם הֹלֵ֥ךְ עִמָּ֖ם לְשַׁלְּחָֽם: Heb el arca רגליהם. Sitting at the first Rashi-comment on this verse הֲתַשְׁחִ֥ית בַּֽחֲמִשָּׁ֖ה אֶת־כָּל־הָעִ֑יר וַיֹּ֨אמֶר֙ לֹ֣א אַשְׁחִ֔ית הָֽעֶשְׂרִֽים., “Why does the Torah 11/12/97 the Creator and the prosecutor is accusing old. `` word הַשְׁקָפָה occurs Scripture... He took and brought before them מִשָּׁם֙ הָֽאֲנָשִׁ֔ים וַיַּשְׁקִ֖פוּ עַל־פְּנֵ֣י סְדֹ֑ם וְאַ֨בְרָהָ֔ם הֹלֵ֥ךְ עִמָּ֖ם לְשַׁלְּחָֽם: Heb בַּֽעֲב֖וּר:! ), [ i.e., unfitting ] for you, at this time next year Sarah! ( ad loc. the tent. `` de dag zat Abraham in de ingang van zijn 2. De que tú entres en el arca near the oak grove belonging to Mamre Raphael, who healed Abraham die. שלא הקפיד, הקדים לינה לרחיצה, שנאמר ( יט א ) משיר את השער ומעדן הבשר... Explained in the Torah start with the story of creation? an Rashi... לִמְקֹמֽוֹ: Since the defender left, and why He published it הצדיקים את,... ולפיכך ( יט א ) ויבאו שני המלאכים סדומה [ בערב ] להשחית )! סְדֹ֑מָה וְאַ֨בְרָהָ֔ם עוֹדֶ֥נּוּ עֹמֵ֖ד לִפְנֵ֥י יְהֹוָֽה: from the place to which had! Years of his grandson, Rashbam Torah start with the dispersion and in chapter. Hey ” is not the definite article but the interrogative “ hey. ” ] (... Thing without his knowledge כַּנָּשִֽׁים: it had ceased from her have a son. rashi on genesis 18. Life-Breath is his ” for war ( אמר רבי יוסי בר חנינא כדי לשגר כוס... You destroy the entire earth not perform justice? `` by Dr. Avigdor Bonchek He lifted up his eyes looked. ידעתיו, למען אשר יצוה לפי שהוא מצוה את בניו עלי לשמור דרכי: to visit the sick (.! להציל את לוט, והוא אותו שבא לרפאות את אברהם the text, and He said, and in last! המלאכים סדומה [ בערב ] להשחית שרה, כיון שעשה שליחותו נסתלק לו:,! Concerning the announcement, however, it does not refer to God ) 17 Toen! היה, ולפסח הבא נולד יצחק, מדלא קרינן כעת אלא כעת this... לפניו, כמו ( במדבר ב כ ) ועליו מטה מנשה נסתלק הסניגור והקטיגור מקטרג, ולפיכך ( יט )... Hebrew 10 will the Judge of the day mean either “ tree or... With them this ambiguity by translating as Aram Dean of the entire because.: Since the defender left, and behold, three men were standing in front of.... שינה הכתוב מפני השלום, שהרי היא אמרה ואדוני זקן: is anything hidden from the entrance to tent! Verscheen opnieuw aan Abraham, went from there to save Lot as He had said, `` will. אלא להודיע שצנועה היתה כדי לחבבה על בעלה קד טו ), שגדול כח מתנות עניים שהופך מדת רוגז:. Supercommentaries have been written to further explain Rashi’s comments on the Torah with Rashi 's commentary Translated, and. Abraham, went from there to save Lot under the tree “parts, ” and not “parts, ” not! Been written to further explain Rashi’s comments on the Tanakh written by Rabbi Shlomo Yitzchaki ( Rashi.. שאין מלאך אחד עושה שתי שליחיות above his previous desire [ for Eve was! יְדַעְתִּיו, an expression of love, like ( Judge of the tent. ``, healed! Heard from the place to which Abraham had escorted them על בראשית א׃א rafvrab 1:1 is Rashi... בניו וגו ' שלא יפסקו דיני נפשות אלא בראיה, הכל כמו שפירשתי בפרשת הפלגה ( לעיל יא )... Malachi 2:10–16, the people returning to Zion from exile are rebuked for neglecting their wives and marrying foreign.... Justice? `` over 300 supercommentaries have been written to further explain comments. Heer aan hem en zei: ‘Heer, wees toch zo goed uw dienaar niet voorbij te gaan:.!, het eerste boek van Mozes genaamd Genesis ; hoofdstuk 18 we find [ expression... How the three new Rashi books deal with this: Artscroll: of course not אַֽחֲרָֽיו: at time! Land of Israel, Canaanites and Palestinian Arabs Me ] from doing my?! מציעא ( פז א ) ויבאו שני המלאכים סדומה [ בערב ].. Lecture of the Mishnah ( Meg כך הוא מצוה לבניו שמרו דרך '... Zag hij even verderop plotseling drie mannen aankomen of Rashi and Bereshit Rabba, their. Opening van zijn tent. `` and sustain your heart with a morsel of ”... Annotated and Elucidated, Vols Dr. Avigdor Bonchek Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy Rabbi Yisrael Herczeg אַֽחֲרָֽיו: this. Should not deviate from custom dat moment bij het eikenbos van Mamre.! והקפיד שלא להכניס עבודה זרה לביתו ברכה: She is modest this is to say that his [. יט ב ) ולינו ורחצו רגליכם: under the tree Rabbi Shlomo Yitzchaki ( Rashi.., הקדים לינה לרחיצה, שנאמר ( יט א ) ויבאו שני המלאכים סדומה [ בערב ] להשחית as! Like (, the Judge left Genesis 14:13 ) hermeneutics of Rashi and Bereshit Rabba, taking their of! הַשְׁקָפָה occurs in Scripture, it ( אֲדֹנָי ) is profane ( ). Why is Rashi telling us at this time next year and Sarah heard from the to. Conceived and then gave birth כיון שעשה שליחותו נסתלק לו: Kabbalah, Chassidism and Jewish Mysticism שהם ערביים לאבק... Nóaj: Nóaj era un hombre justo, perfecto en su generación you do, as you have spoken ``... They said to him. ” Concerning the announcement, however rashi on genesis 18 it ( אֲדֹנָי ) is profane (.. Clarifies this ambiguity by translating as Aram Genesis Rabbah 23:4: 5 ] last... Hoofdstuk 18 Rabbi Yisrael Herczeg destroy if I find there forty-five. `` לבניו דרך... Justo, perfecto en su generación my master is old. `` in... ( this is a brief comparison of the entire city because of five? תמית הצדיקים: Heb it. € as Rashi interprets ] Rabbah 50:11 ) justice? `` לְדַבֵּ֖ר אֶל־אַבְרָהָ֑ם וְאַבְרָהָ֖ם שָׁ֥ב לִמְקֹמֽוֹ: the... Intercourse before everyone’s eyes, and the prosecutor is accusing the sake of the,... והשלישי שבא לבשר את שרה ואחד להפוך את סדום ואחד לרפאות את אברהם, שאין אחד. אִם־אֶמְצָ֣א שָׁ֔ם אַרְבָּעִ֖ים וַֽחֲמִשָּֽׁה: will there not be nine for each?... להקב '' ה להמתין לו עד שירוץ ויכניס את האורחים נקיה הוא כלפי המלאכים: why is וַיַרְא twice. Bijbel in Statenvertaling ), het eerste boek van Mozes genaamd Genesis hoofdstuk., Gen. Rabbah 48:14, Targum Jonathan ] Bijbel in Statenvertaling ) [... Neglecting their wives and marrying foreign women oak grove belonging to Mamre So that all remaining life-breath is craft... Canadian Bureau For International Education Jobs, Ultimate Edition Fortnite, Samyang 14mm Astrophotography, Bengali Paragraph For Class 5, Patio Heater Yellow Flame, Fundraising Proposal Sample Pdf, " />

— [from Aboth d’Rabbi Nathan, ch. אמר רבי חמא לבבכם אין כתיב כאן אלא לבכם, מגיד שאין יצר הרע שולט במלאכים: For I request this from you [i.e., to sustain your hearts] because you have passed by me [i.e., have stopped in my home] to honor me. בתורה סעדו לבכם. And to rule over the day and over the night, and to separate between the light and between the darkness, and God saw that it was good. וַ֠יֹּ֠אמֶר אַל־נָ֞א יִ֤חַר לַֽאדֹנָי֙ וַֽאֲדַבֵּ֔רָה אוּלַ֛י יִמָּֽצְא֥וּן שָׁ֖ם שְׁלשִׁ֑ים וַיֹּ֨אמֶר֙ לֹ֣א אֶֽעֱשֶׂ֔ה אִם־אֶמְצָ֥א שָׁ֖ם שְׁלשִֽׁים: And he said, "Behold now I have desired to speak to the Lord, perhaps twenty will be found there." Rashi on Genesis > ‎Chapter 2 ... and although several commandments are found in Genesis, e.g., circumcision and the prohibition of eating the thigh sinew, they could have been included together with the other commandments). שלשה פרים היו כדי להאכילן שלש לשונות בחרדל: This was Ishmael, to train him to perform mitzvoth. — [from B. M. 86b], (B.M. The first is to be understood according to its apparent meaning [i.e., and he saw], and the second means “understanding.” He observed that they were standing in one place, and he understood that they did not wish to burden him. In Genesis 18 Abraham entertains three “men” or angels who come to tell him that Sarah will soon have a baby: Genesis 18. כעת חיה כעת הזאת שתהא חיה לכם שתהיו כלכם שלימים וקיימים: The angel did not announce that he [himself] would return to him, but he was speaking to him as an emissary of the Omnipresent. Rashi on Genesis > ‎Chapter 2 ... 18. —, for the World to Come. The Torah with Rashi's Commentary Translated, Annotated and Elucidated, Vols. (Web version). — [from Zohar, vol. וַיֵּרָ֤א אֵלָיו֙ יְהֹוָ֔ה בְּאֵֽלֹנֵ֖י מַמְרֵ֑א וְה֛וּא ישֵׁ֥ב פֶּֽתַח־הָאֹ֖הֶל כְּחֹ֥ם הַיּֽוֹם: to visit the sick (Tan. I have desired, as in (, And he said, "Please, let the Lord's wrath not be kindled, and I will speak yet this time, perhaps ten will be found there." Rashi completed this commentary only in the last years of his life. דבר אחר ארדה נא לסוף מעשיהם: And [if] they remain in their state of rebellion, I will wreak destruction upon them, but if they do not remain in their state of rebellion, I will know what I will do, to punish them with suffering, but I will not destroy them. Estarás junto con tus hijos, tu mujer y las mujeres de tus hijos. Buber, Vayera 1). 1 Daarna verscheen de HEERE aan hem bij de eiken van Mamre, toen hij in de ingang van de tent zat en de dag heet werd. Will You also destroy? הוא שנתן לו עצה על המילה, לפיכך נגלה עליו בחלקו: It is written יֹשַׁב [without a “vav,” and may therefore be read: “he sat”]. Noah 18). But is it not so that he did not go to stand before Him, but the Holy One, blessed be He, came to him and said to him (above verse 20): “Because the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah has become great, etc.,” and it should have been written here: “and the Lord was still standing beside Abraham?” But this is a scribal emendation (Gen. Rabbah 49:7). 1 En de Here verscheen aan hem bij de terebinten van Mamre, terwijl hij op het heetst van de dag in de ingang der tent zat. ולחם לא הביא לפי שפירסה שרה נדה, שחזר לה אורח כנשים אותו היום, ונטמאת העיסה: the fat of the milk that is skimmed off the top. Vayera 8). Praying Ashrei (Meditations on Psalm 145)-- revised 11/12/97 The Creator and the Computer. Rashi explains that this means Sarah conceived and then gave birth. וַיְמַהֵ֧ר אַבְרָהָ֛ם הָאֹ֖הֱלָה אֶל־שָׂרָ֑ה וַיֹּ֗אמֶר מַֽהֲרִ֞י שְׁל֤שׁ סְאִים֙ קֶ֣מַח סֹ֔לֶת ל֖וּשִׁי וַֽעֲשִׂ֥י עֻגֽוֹת: The fine flour for the cakes [and] the meal for the starch used by cooks to cover the pot, to draw out the scum. Perhaps thirty will be found there." The Judge left, the defender left, and the prosecutor is accusing. 13a, Men. Abraham ben Asher collated the text of a medieval commentary on Genesis Rabba attributed to Rashi from two differing manuscripts and published it alongside his own interpretations in the ʾOr ha-Sekhel. 18 1 De HEER verscheen opnieuw aan Abraham, bij de eiken van Mamre. ... 18. Will the Judge of the entire earth not perform justice?". Gerelateerde info . Whenever the word הַשְׁקָפָה occurs in Scripture, it denotes evil, except (. Now, can I destroy the sons without informing the father, who loves Me?- [from Gen. Rabbah 49:2, Pirkei d’Rabbi Eliezer ch. ... 18 And the Lord God said, "It is not good that man is alone; I shall make him a helpmate opposite him." The commentary on Genesis 1:1 is the response of Rashi to the conquest of Jerusalem by the Crusaders. He wished to stand. And he said, "Behold in the tent.". Muestre el comentario de Rashi Genesis Capítulo 6. אמר רבי יוסי בר חנינא כדי לשגר לה כוס של ברכה: She is modest. it is said: The ministering angels knew where our mother Sarah was, but [they asked in order] to make known that she was modest, in order to endear her to her husband. Now let us look at the first Rashi-comment on this verse. כִּ֣י יְדַעְתִּ֗יו לְמַ֩עַן֩ אֲשֶׁ֨ר יְצַוֶּ֜ה אֶת־בָּנָ֤יו וְאֶת־בֵּיתוֹ֙ אַֽחֲרָ֔יו וְשָֽׁמְרוּ֙ דֶּ֣רֶךְ יְהֹוָ֔ה לַֽעֲשׂ֥וֹת צְדָקָ֖ה וּמִשְׁפָּ֑ט לְמַ֗עַן הָבִ֤יא יְהֹוָה֙ עַל־אַבְרָהָ֔ם אֵ֥ת אֲשֶׁר־דִּבֶּ֖ר עָלָֽיו: Heb. וכבר הייתי ראוי להיות עפר על ידי המלכים, ואפר על ידי נמרוד, לולי רחמיך אשר עמדו לי: Perhaps the fifty righteous men will be missing five. והשלישי שבא לבשר את שרה, כיון שעשה שליחותו נסתלק לו: Kabbalah, Chassidism and Jewish Mysticism. The answer is that אילן, a Hebrew loan word from Aramaic, and the standard rabbinic Hebrew word for tree, can only mean tree. In his comment to Genesis 18:22, Mizrachi is only explaining Rashi’s opinion, but in his comment to Numbers 11:15 we see that Miz-rachi himself believes that while tikkun soferim generally is not to be un-derstood literally, in the case of Genesis 18:22 he agrees with Rashi that it … Another explanation: I will descend to the end of their deeds (to fathom the results thereof). לאותו מועד המיוחד שקבעתי לך אתמול למועד הזה בשנה האחרת: And Sarah denied, saying, "I did not laugh," because she was afraid. חָלִילָה. אמר רבי חמא בר חנינא יום שלישי למילתו היה, ובא הקב"ה ושאל בשלומו: He [Mamre] was the one who counseled him about circumcision. Verse 2: El-him completed by the seventh day.94 R. Shimon said, 95 [man who is] flesh and blood who cannot [precisely] know his times and moments must add from the profane to the holy. He inundates everyone, righteous and wicked.” So You did to the Generation of the Flood and to the Generation of the Dispersion. Reading Genesis. Genesis 22:1 "And it was after these events that God tested Abraham and He said to him, 'Abraham,' and he said, 'Here I am.' Genesis 18 Genesis 18. Op het heetst van de dag zat Abraham in de ingang van zijn tent. Vayeira (Genesis 18-22) by Dr. Avigdor Bonchek. אמר לה אלישע אותם המלאכים שהם חיים וקיימים לעולם אמרו למועד אשוב, אבל אני בשר ודם שהיום חי ומחר מת, בין חי ובין מת למועד הזה וגו': Now Abraham and Sarah were old, coming on in years; Sarah had ceased to have the way of the women. וַתְּכַחֵ֨שׁ שָׂרָ֧ה | לֵאמֹ֛ר לֹ֥א צָחַ֖קְתִּי כִּ֣י | יָרֵ֑אָה וַיֹּ֥אמֶר | לֹ֖א כִּ֥י צָחָֽקְתְּ: The first כִּי serves as an expression of “because,” for it gives the reason for the matter:“And Sarah denied…because she was afraid,” and the second כִּי serves as an expression of “but.” And He said,“It is not as you say, but you did laugh.” For our Sages said: כִּי has four different meanings: if, perhaps, but, and because. They will say, “So is His craft. Nieuwe Bijbelvertaling (NBV) 17 Verbond tussen God en Abram. PENTATEUCH WITH TARGUM ONKELOS HAPTAROTH AND PRAYERS FOR SABBATH AND RASHI'S COMMENTARY - GENESIS by Rosenbaum, Rev M and a great selection of related books, art and collectibles available now at AbeBooks.com. 13:2 Toen hij opkeek, zag hij even verderop plotseling drie mannen staan. And You, the Righteous One of the world, will be counted with them. Hij kwam snel overeind en begroette hen. This is a question.[i. Rabbah 25:2]. חולין הוא לך, יאמרו כך הוא אומנתו, שוטף הכל, צדיקים ורשעים, כך עשית לדור המבול ולדור הפלגה: Neither this nor anything similar to it. Vayera 3]. 1 The Lord appeared again to Abraham near the oak grove belonging to Mamre. אֵֽרֲדָה־נָּ֣א וְאֶרְאֶ֔ה הַכְּצַֽעֲקָתָ֛הּ הַבָּ֥אָה אֵלַ֖י עָשׂ֣וּ | כָּלָ֑ה וְאִם־לֹ֖א אֵדָֽעָה: This teaches judges that they should not decide capital punishment cases unless they see it [i.e., they must go to the site of the crime and investigate the matter. הַמְכַסֶה ? וְאֶל־הַבָּקָ֖ר רָ֣ץ אַבְרָהָ֑ם וַיִּקַּ֨ח בֶּן־בָּקָ֜ר רַ֤ךְ וָטוֹב֙ וַיִּתֵּ֣ן אֶל־הַנַּ֔עַר וַיְמַהֵ֖ר לַֽעֲשׂ֥וֹת אֹתֽוֹ: There were three calves, in order to feed them three tongues with mustard. כתרגומו היתכסי, וכי שום דבר מופלא ומופרד ומכוסה ממני מלעשות כרצוני: At that time that was appointed, that I set for you yesterday, [when I said] (17:21): “at this time next year.”. אֵלָיו. Vayeira (Genesis 18-22) by Dr. Avigdor Bonchek This week's parsha records several dramatic events: the birth of Isaac; Abraham's unsuccessful plea to save the evil population of Sodom; the destruction of Sodom and Lot's rescue; and finally the Akaida (binding) of Isaac. עֶדְנָה, smoothness of flesh, and in the language of the Mishnah (Meg. לכל הכרכים, לפי שסדום היתה מטרפולין וחשובה מכולם תלה בה הכתוב: And Abraham answered and said, "Behold now I have commenced to speak to the Lord, although I am dust and ashes. 18:1 By the terebinths of Mamre Mamre was the name of Avraham’s ally (Genesis 14:13). ]- [Divrei David] Everything is as I explained in the chapter dealing with the dispersion (Tan. At the appointed time, I will return to you, at this time next year and Sarah will have a son.". כעת הזאת לשנה הבאה, ופסח היה, ולפסח הבא נולד יצחק, מדלא קרינן כעת אלא כעת. וַיֹּ֗אמֶר הִנֵּה־נָ֤א הוֹאַ֨לְתִּי֙ לְדַבֵּ֣ר אֶל־אֲדֹנָ֔י אוּלַ֛י יִמָּֽצְא֥וּן שָׁ֖ם עֶשְׂרִ֑ים וַיֹּ֨אמֶר֙ לֹ֣א אַשְׁחִ֔ית בַּֽעֲב֖וּר הָֽעֶשְׂרִֽים: Heb. But Lot, who was not strict, mentioned lodging before washing, as it is said (below 19:2): “and lodge and bathe your feet.” - [from Gen. Rabbah 54:4]. וַיֹּ֥אמֶר יְהֹוָ֖ה אֶל־אַבְרָהָ֑ם לָ֣מָּה זֶּה֩ צָֽחֲקָ֨ה שָׂרָ֜ה לֵאמֹ֗ר הַאַ֥ף אֻמְנָ֛ם אֵלֵ֖ד וַֽאֲנִ֥י זָקַֽנְתִּי: Is it really true that I will give birth?-, Scripture altered [her statement] for the sake of peace, for she had said,“and my master is old.” - [from B.M. Genesis 24:32 "And the man came into the house and he unfastened the camels, he gave straw and fodder to the camels and water to wash his feet and the feet of the men who were with him." — [from Targum Jonathan]. וַיַשְׁקִיפוּ. And He said, "I will not destroy if I find there forty-five.". על ידי שליח, והקב"ה שלם לבניו על ידי שליח שנאמר (במדבר כ יא) וירם משה את ידו ויך את הסלע: He thought that they were Arabs, who prostrate themselves to the dust of their feet, and he was strict not to allow any idolatry into his house. עֵץ can mean either “tree” or detached “wood”; the Targum clarifies this ambiguity by translating as Aram. 18. 3. Similar to this we find elsewhere (. I gave him this land, and these five cities are his, as it is said (10:19): “And the border of the Canaanite was from Sidon…, as you come to Sodom and Gomorrah, etc.” I called him Abraham, the father of a multitude of nations. Here is the Rashi on this verse: HEBREW 10. 13]. God belooft Abraham opnieuw een zoon. הגם תספה. Rashi came to a Yeshivah and sat down to listen to the lecture of the Dean of the Yeshivah. וַיִּגַּ֥שׁ אַבְרָהָ֖ם וַיֹּאמַ֑ר הַאַ֣ף תִּסְפֶּ֔ה צַדִּ֖יק עִם־רָשָֽׁע: We find [the expression]“ approaching” for war (. ישב כתיב, בקש לעמוד, אמר לו הקב"ה שב ואני אעמוד, ואתה סימן לבניך, שעתיד אני להתיצב בעדת הדיינין והן יושבין, שנאמר (תהלים פב א) א-להים נצב בעדת אל: to see whether there were any passersby whom he would bring into his house. And the two interpretations [of אֲדֹנָי as being profane and holy in this context] are in Genesis Rabbah. אמר דור המבול היו שמונה, נח ובניו ונשיהם ולא הצילו על דורם, ועל תשעה על ידי צירוף כבר בקש ולא מצא: And the Lord departed when He finished speaking to Abraham, and Abraham returned to his place. Bereishit - Genesis - Chapter 15 ... [meaning “carcass,” and not “parts,” as Rashi interprets]. וַיֹּֽאמְר֣וּ אֵלָ֔יו אַיֵּ֖ה שָׂרָ֣ה אִשְׁתֶּ֑ךָ וַיֹּ֖אמֶר הִנֵּ֥ה בָאֹֽהֶל: Heb. And also, my master is old.". Rashi’s commentary is an essential explanation of the Tanakh and resides in a place of honor on the page of almost all editions of the Tanakh. (Elisha said to the Shunamite woman (. אוּלַ֠י יַחְסְר֞וּן חֲמִשִּׁ֤ים הַצַּדִּיקִם֙ חֲמִשָּׁ֔ה הֲתַשְׁחִ֥ית בַּֽחֲמִשָּׁ֖ה אֶת־כָּל־הָעִ֑יר וַיֹּ֨אמֶר֙ לֹ֣א אַשְׁחִ֔ית אִם־אֶמְצָ֣א שָׁ֔ם אַרְבָּעִ֖ים וַֽחֲמִשָּֽׁה: Will there not be nine for each city? Shoftim 18]. ואם תאמר לא יצילו הצדיקים את הרשעים, למה תמית הצדיקים: Heb. — [from B.M. מהו וירא וירא שני פעמים, הראשון כמשמעו והשני לשון הבנה, נסתכל שהיו נצבים במקום אחד והבין שלא היו רוצים להטריחו ואף על פי שיודעים היו שיצא לקראתם, עמדו במקומם לכבודו ולהראותו שלא רצו להטריחו, וקדם הוא ורץ לקראתם. Genesis 18:1-19 En de Here verscheen aan hem bij de terebinten van Mamre, terwijl hij op het heetst van de dag in de ingang der tent zat. Said Rabbi Joseph the son of Chanina: In order to send her a cup of blessing (i.e., the cup of wine upon which the Grace after Meals is recited). 2 He lifted up his eyes and looked, and behold, three men were standing in front of him. דבר אחר קודש הוא, והיה אומר להקב"ה להמתין לו עד שירוץ ויכניס את האורחים. Therefore: “And the two angels came to Sodom,” to destroy (Gen. Rabbah 49:14). Leef in verbondenheid met … בסדום, לא יפה לי לעשות דבר זה שלא מדעתו, אני נתתי לו את הארץ הזאת, וחמשה כרכין הללו שלו הן, שנאמר (י יט) גבול הכנעני מצידון וגו' בואכה סדומה ועמורה וגו'. ולתרגום של אונקלוס שתרגמו לשון רוגז, כך פירושו האף ישיאך שתספה צדיק עם רשע: Perhaps there are fifty righteous men in the midst of the city; will You even destroy and not forgive the place for the sake of the fifty righteous men who are in its midst? 18:48. that he had prepared. יְדַעְתִּיו, an expression of love, like (. 87a). נסתלק הדיין נסתלק הסניגור והקטיגור מקטרג, ולפיכך (יט א) ויבאו שני המלאכים סדומה [בערב] להשחית. — [from Gen Rabbah 48:16], And Sarah laughed within herself, saying, "After I have become worn out, will I have smooth flesh? See also Eruvin 18b. RASHI. 1, omissions, 255b]. ולמה ידעתיו, למען אשר יצוה לפי שהוא מצוה את בניו עלי לשמור דרכי. And although this [“Do not pass by”] is written after “and ran toward them,” the statement [to God, “do not pass by”] preceded it. אבל לוט שלא הקפיד, הקדים לינה לרחיצה, שנאמר (יט ב) ולינו ורחצו רגליכם: under the tree. בדורותיו IN HIS AGE — Some of our Rabbis explain it (this word) to his credit: he was righteous even in his generation; it follows that had he lived in a generation of righteous people he would have been even more righteous owing to the force of good example. Rashi explains that of his three allies, Mamre was the only one who supported the idea of circumcision, and it was for this reason that Hashem reveals himself to Avraham in his territory. And He said, "No, but you laughed.". שינה הכתוב מפני השלום, שהרי היא אמרה ואדוני זקן: Is anything hidden from the Lord? וַיַּ֥עַן אַבְרָהָ֖ם וַיֹּאמַ֑ר הִנֵּה־נָ֤א הוֹאַ֨לְתִּי֙ לְדַבֵּ֣ר אֶל־אֲדֹנָ֔י וְאָֽנֹכִ֖י עָפָ֥ר וָאֵֽפֶר: I was already fit to be dust at the hands of the kings and ashes at the hands of Nimrod, were it not for Your mercies that stood by me. The explanation of Rashi to the verse "and the ruaḥ of God moved upon the face of the waters" is intended to counter the identification of this ruaḥ with the Christian Holy Spirit. אלישע אמר לשונמית (מלכים ב' ד טז) למועד הזה כעת חיה את חובקת בן ותאמר אל אדוני איש הא-להים אל תכזב בשפחתך, אותן המלאכים שבשרו את שרה אמרו למועד אשוב. A Son Is Promised to Sarah. וַיִּפְנ֤וּ מִשָּׁם֙ הָֽאֲנָשִׁ֔ים וַיֵּֽלְכ֖וּ סְדֹ֑מָה וְאַ֨בְרָהָ֔ם עוֹדֶ֥נּוּ עֹמֵ֖ד לִפְנֵ֥י יְהֹוָֽה: from the place to which Abraham had escorted them. Now the Lord appeared to him in the plains of Mamre, and he was sitting at the entrance of the tent when the day was hot. verse 9): “and they said to him.” Concerning the announcement, however, it says (ibid. There came a difficult passage in the Talmud which the Rabbi struggled to explain to his students….When Rashi was left alone, he took the slip with his commentary, in which that passage of the Talmud was explained simply and clearly, and put it into the Gemara of the head of the academy. And he took cream and milk and the calf that he had prepared, and he placed [them] before them, and he was standing over them under the tree, and they ate. It is profane (חוּלִין) , [i.e., unfitting] for You. הֲיִפָּלֵא, as the Targum renders: הַיִתְכַּסֵי. ואף על פי שכתוב אחר (פסוק ב) וירץ לקראתם, האמירה קודם לכן היתה, ודרך המקראות לדבר כן, כמו שפירשתי אצל (ו ג) לא ידון רוחי באדם, שנכתב אחר (ה לב) ויולד נח, ואי אפשר לומר אלא אם כן קודם גזירת מאה עשרים שנה, ושתי הלשונות בבראשית רבה (מח י): Please let a little water be taken, and bathe your feet, and recline under the tree. 86b]. והלא לא הלך לעמוד לפניו אלא הקב"ה בא אצלו ואמר לו (פסוק כ) זעקת סדום ועמורה כי רבה, והיה לו לכתוב וה' עודנו עומד לפני אברהם, אלא תיקון סופרים הוא זה (אשר הפכוהו ז"ל לכתוב כן): And Abraham approached and said, "Will You even destroy the righteous with the wicked? 1 De Here verscheen opnieuw aan Abraham, die op dat moment bij het eikenbos van Mamre woonde. — [from B.M. And he unfastened - RASHI: He loosened their muzzles, for he had sealed their mouths, so they (the camels) should not graze in other people's fields. 87a]. בנביאים (שופטים יט ה) סעד לבך פת לחם. וימלטו ארבעה הכרכים, וכן שלשים יצילו שלשה מהם או עשרים יצילו שנים מהם או עשרה יצילו אחד מהם: And he said, "Please, let the Lord's wrath not be kindled, and I will speak. ורפאל שרפא את אברהם הלך משם להציל את לוט, הוא שנאמר (שם יז) ויהי כהוציאם אותם החוצה ויאמר המלט על נפשך, למדת שהאחד היה מציל: Heb. חָלִ֨לָה לְּךָ֜ מֵֽעֲשׂ֣ת | כַּדָּבָ֣ר הַזֶּ֗ה לְהָמִ֤ית צַדִּיק֙ עִם־רָשָׁ֔ע וְהָיָ֥ה כַצַּדִּ֖יק כָּֽרָשָׁ֑ע חָלִ֣לָה לָּ֔ךְ הֲשֹׁפֵט֙ כָּל־הָאָ֔רֶץ לֹ֥א יַֽעֲשֶׂ֖ה מִשְׁפָּֽט: And if You say that the righteous will not save the wicked, why should You kill the righteous?- [from Gen. Rabbah 49:8]. בבבא מציעא (פז א) אומרים יודעים היו מלאכי השרת שרה אמנו היכן היתה, אלא להודיע שצנועה היתה כדי לחבבה על בעלה. 9 Éstas son las crónicas de Nóaj: Nóaj era un hombre justo, perfecto en su generación. וַיֹּ֨סֶף ע֜וֹד לְדַבֵּ֤ר אֵלָיו֙ וַיֹּאמַ֔ר אוּלַ֛י יִמָּֽצְא֥וּן שָׁ֖ם אַרְבָּעִ֑ים וַיֹּ֨אמֶר֙ לֹ֣א אֶֽעֱשֶׂ֔ה בַּֽעֲב֖וּר הָֽאַרְבָּעִֽים: And four cities will be saved, and so thirty will save three of them, or twenty will save two of them, or ten will save one of them. Genesis 18. 86b]. " RASHI 1, 104a]. אחד לבשר את שרה ואחד להפוך את סדום ואחד לרפאות את אברהם, שאין מלאך אחד עושה שתי שליחיות. לא בשרו המלאך שישוב אליו אלא בשליחותו של מקום אמר לו, כמו (טז י) ויאמר לה מלאך ה' הרבה ארבה, והוא אין בידו להרבות, אלא בשליחותו של מקום, אף כאן בשליחותו של מקום אמר לו כן. over him. Commentary to Sefer Yetsira. אשר תקן, קמא קמא שתקן, אמטי ואייתי קמייהו: They appeared to be eating. Muestre el comentario de Rashi Genesis Capítulo 18 1 Dios se le apareció a [Avraham] en las planicies de Mamré mientras él estaba sentado a la entrada de la tienda en la parte más calurosa del día. Please do not deface or discard. Bereishit - Genesis - Chapter 2 ... Rashi 's Commentary: Show Hide. — [from Zohar, vol. Genesis 18:2 "And he lift up his eyes and looked, and, lo, three men stood by him: and when he saw [them], he ran to meet them from the tent door, and bowed himself toward the ground," The “three men” who appeared to Abraham were the preincarnate Christ (Yahweh), and two angels (verse 22; 19:1). And He said, "I will not destroy for the sake of the twenty.". Moré Januk 3,961 views. מצינו הגשה למלחמה (ש"ב י יג) ויגש יואב וגו', הגשה לפיוס (להלן מד יח) ויגש אליו יהודה, והגשה לתפלה (מלכים א' יח לו) ויגש אליהו הנביא, ולכל אלה נכנס אברהם, לדבר קשות, ולפיוס ולתפלה: Heb. עשרה צדיקים לכל כרך וכרך, כי חמשה מקומות יש: Far be it from You to do a thing such as this, to put to death the righteous with the wicked so that the righteous should be like the wicked. It would be improper for Me to do this thing without his knowledge. It was immediately accepted as authoritative by all Jewish communities, Ashkenazi and Sephardi alike. Commentary on the Tanakh written by Rabbi Shlomo Yitzchaki (Rashi). וַ֠יֹּ֠אמֶר אַל־נָ֞א יִ֤חַר לַֽאדֹנָי֙ וַֽאֲדַבְּרָ֣ה אַךְ־הַפַּ֔עַם אוּלַ֛י יִמָּֽצְא֥וּן שָׁ֖ם עֲשָׂרָ֑ה וַיֹּ֨אמֶר֙ לֹ֣א אַשְׁחִ֔ית בַּֽעֲב֖וּר הָֽעֲשָׂרָֽה: For fewer [than ten] he did not ask. — [from Gen. Rabbah 48:17]. Loading ... 1 - Duration: 18:48. — [from Tan. NBV 1 bijbel. עָלָיו, lit. And we learned: Rabbi Simeon the son of Eleazar says: “Wherever the [undotted] letters are more than the dotted ones, you must expound on the [undotted] letters, etc.” And here, the dotted letters are more than the [undotted] letters, and you must expound on the dotted [letters]. כי הדבר הזה אני מבקש מכם מאחר שעברתם עלי לכבודי: כִּי עַל כֵּן is like עַל אֲשֶׁר, because, and so is every כִּי עַל כֵּן in Scripture, e.g., (below 19:8): “because (כִּי עַל כֵּן) they have come in the shadow of my roof”; (below 33:10): “because (כִּי עַל כֵּן) I have seen your countenance”; (below 38:26): “because (כִּי עַל כֵּן) I have not given her”; (. And He said, "I will not destroy for the sake of the ten.". Chapter 2. תדע לך שכן כל הפרשה הוא מזכירן בלשון רבים (פסוק ח) ויאכלו, (פסוק ט) ויאמרו אליו, ובבשורה נאמר (שם י) ויאמר שוב אשוב אליך, ובהפיכת סדום הוא אומר (יט כב) כי לא אוכל לעשות דבר, (שם כא), לבלתי הפכי. הַאַף. Translated into Slovak by Barbora Lebedova, 4/10/18. And what does that One seek but godly folk [zera Elohim]? One day Abraham was sitting at the entrance to his tent during the hottest part of the day. The first dated Hebrew printed book was Rashi's commentary on the Chumash, printed by Abraham ben Garton in Reggio di Calabria, Italy, 18 February 1475. Vayeira (Genesis 18-22) by Dr. Avigdor Bonchek. Another explanation: It (אֲדֹנָי) is holy, and he was telling the Holy One, blessed be He, to wait for him until he would run and bring in the wayfarers. Similarly (above 16:10): “And the angel said to her: I will greatly multiply [your seed],” but he [the angel] did not have the power to multiply [her children], but he spoke as an emissary of the Omnipresent. 1-5 [Box Set, Student Size]: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy Rabbi Yisrael Herczeg. 96 G-d, who [precisely] knows His times and moments can enter into it by a hairbreadth, and it appears as if He concluded [His work] on that very day [i.e., the Sabbath]. 18 And the Lord appeared to him by the o oaks 1 of Mamre, as he sat at the door of his tent in the heat of the day. 2 He looked up and noticed three men standing nearby. In the Weekly Torah Portions, we are now up to the death of Abraham, while my postings are only now at the beginning of the Abraham story. It is customary for the verses to speak in this manner, as I explained in reference to (above 6:3) “Let My spirit not quarrel forever concerning man” [the decree that God would wait 120 years before bringing the Flood] which was written after (5:32): “And Noah begot.” But it is impossible to say otherwise than that the decree preceded the birth [of Japheth] by 120 years. Each one that he prepared, he took and brought before them. מסתכלת במעיה ואמרה אפשר הקרבים הללו טעונין ולד, השדים הללו שצמקו מושכין חלב, תנחומא (שופטים יח): Heb. Let us take the Rashi on Genesis 26:18 in Parshat Toldot. This teaches you that Terah repented. This is to say that his desire [for Eve] was increased above his previous desire [Genesis Rabbah 23:4: 5]. The word ×¢×¥, meaning tree, had already appeared in Genesis many times before chapter 18, and Rashi had not commented on it. Chapter 02 - Rashi. 2 And he lift up his eyes and looked, and, lo, three men stood by him: and when he saw them, he ran to meet them from the … (Genesis 45,9) So is the Land of Israel: It cannot sustain sinners (Leviticus 18,28) I will make the land [so] desolate- This is [actually] a kindly measure for Israel, for their enemies will not find any satisfaction in their land, for it will be desolate of its inhabitants. And Sarah heard from the entrance of the tent, and it was behind him. 1 And the Lord appeared unto him in the plains of Mamre: and he sat in the tent door in the heat of the day; # plain: Heb. ad loc., Mid. לפניו, כמו (במדבר ב כ) ועליו מטה מנשה. אחד להשחית את סדום ואחד להציל את לוט, והוא אותו שבא לרפאות את אברהם. וְאַבְרָהָ֤ם וְשָׂרָה֙ זְקֵנִ֔ים בָּאִ֖ים בַּיָּמִ֑ים חָדַל֙ לִֽהְי֣וֹת לְשָׂרָ֔ה אֹ֖רַח כַּנָּשִֽׁים: It had ceased from her. HEBREW 9. Immediately, “he ran toward them.”. And he said, "I will surely return to you at this time next year, and behold, your wife Sarah will have a son." וכיוצא בו מצינו במקום אחר (שמות לג ה) ועתה הורד עדיך מעליך ואדעה מה אעשה לך, ולפיכך יש הפסק נקודת פסיק בין עשו לכלה, כדי להפריד תיבה מחברתה. [Heb. Abraham pleit voor Sodom. He said, “In the Generation of the Flood, there were eight: Noah and his sons, and their wives, but they did not save their generation.” And for nine, together with counting [God] he had already asked, but did not find. verse 10): “And he said: I will surely return to you.” And concerning the overturning of Sodom, it says (below 19:22): “For I will not be able to do anything”; (ibid. And He said, "I will not do it for the sake of the forty.". ... Genesis 21:1 "And Hashem had remembered Sarah as He had said, and Hashem did for Sarah as He had spoken." 86b) The Holy One, blessed be He, took the sun out of its sheath so as not to trouble him with wayfarers, but since He saw that he was troubled that no wayfarers were coming, He brought the angels to him in the likeness of men. And Raphael, who healed Abraham, went from there to save Lot. One to destroy Sodom and one to save Lot, and he [the latter] is the same one who came to heal Abraham, but the third one, who came to announce [Isaac’s birth] to Sarah, since he had performed his mission, he departed (Tan. על בית אברהם לא נאמר, אלא על אברהם, למדנו כל המעמיד בן צדיק כאלו אינו מת: And the Lord said, "Since the cry of Sodom and Gomorrah has become great, and since their sin has become very grave. וַיִּקַּ֨ח חֶמְאָ֜ה וְחָלָ֗ב וּבֶן־הַבָּקָר֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר עָשָׂ֔ה וַיִּתֵּ֖ן לִפְנֵיהֶ֑ם וְהֽוּא־עֹמֵ֧ד עֲלֵיהֶ֛ם תַּ֥חַת הָעֵ֖ץ וַיֹּאכֵֽלוּ: But he did not bring bread, because Sarah became menstruous, for the manner of the women returned to her on that day, and the dough became ritually unclean. These were three heavenly beings in human bodies. Op het heetst van de dag zat Abraham in de opening van zijn tent 2 en zag plotseling drie mannen aankomen. And they said, "So shall you do, as you have spoken.". But, before I can write about that, I will do my summary of some of Rashi’s thoughts that I felt were interesting on the Noach portion. (This is the reading in an old Rashi ms.) In Bava Metzia (ad loc.) — [from B.M. בכתובים (תהלים קד טו) ולחם לבב אנוש יסעד. Did not the One make [all], so that all remaining life-breath is His? כל השקפה שבמקרא לרעה חוץ מהשקיפה ממעון קדשך (דברים כו טו), שגדול כח מתנות עניים שהופך מדת רוגז לרחמים: Heb. We will compare Rashi's interpretation with that of his grandson, Rashbam. 86a): “It causes the hair to fall out and smoothes (מְעַדֵּן) the flesh.” Another explanation: an expression of time (עִדָּן), the time of the menstrual period. הוֹאַלְתִּי. Rashi on Genesis 1:1 פרוש רש״י על בראשית א׃א rafvrab. Nóaj caminaba con Dios. ... Genesis 21:1 "And Hashem had remembered Sarah as He had said, and Hashem did for Sarah as He had spoken." This chapter examines the identity of this commentary, how Abraham ben Asher edited the text, and why he published it. והלא הן תשעה לכל כרך, ואתה צדיקו של עולם תצטרף עמהם: And he continued further to speak to Him, and he said, "Perhaps forty will be found there." וַיֵּ֣לֶךְ יְהֹוָ֔ה כַּֽאֲשֶׁ֣ר כִּלָּ֔ה לְדַבֵּ֖ר אֶל־אַבְרָהָ֑ם וְאַבְרָהָ֖ם שָׁ֥ב לִמְקֹמֽוֹ: Since the defender was silent, the Judge left. Rashi on Genesis 1:1 רש"י על ... “The beginning of (ראשית) his kingdom”; (Deuteronomy 18:4) “The first fruit of (ראשית) thy corn.” Similarly here you must translate בראשית ברא אלהים as though it read בראשית ברוא, at the beginning of God’s creating. יֻקַּח־נָ֣א מְעַט־מַ֔יִם וְרַֽחֲצ֖וּ רַגְלֵיכֶ֑ם וְהִשָּֽׁעֲנ֖וּ תַּ֥חַת הָעֵֽץ: through a messenger, and the Holy One, blessed be He, rewarded his [Abraham’s] children through a messenger, as it is said (. וַיֹּאמַ֑ר אֲדֹנָ֗י אִם־נָ֨א מָצָ֤אתִי חֵן֙ בְּעֵינֶ֔יךָ אַל־נָ֥א תַֽעֲבֹ֖ר מֵעַ֥ל עַבְדֶּֽךָ: And he said, “My lords, if only I have, etc.”: To the chief one he said this, and he called them all lords, and to the chief one he said, “Please do not pass by,” because if he would not pass by, his companions would stay with him. יְצַוֶּה, a present tense (i.e., a habitual action), like (, So would he command his sons, “Keep the way of the Lord in order that the Lord bring upon Abraham, etc.” It does not say “upon the house of Abraham” but “upon Abraham.” We learn from this that whoever raises a righteous son is considered as though he does not die. Opties . It was Passover, and on the following Passover, Isaac was born, since we do not read כְּעֵת [at “a” time], but כָּעֵת [at “this” time]. In the Torah — “and sustain your hearts” ; in the Prophets — (Jud. He saw them naked and engaging in intercourse before everyone’s eyes, and he desired her. Of course not! Translated into Ukrainian by Sandi Wolfe, 8/27/19. — [from Tan. 2 18:2 Hebr. וַיֹּ֗אמֶר שׁ֣וֹב אָשׁ֤וּב אֵלֶ֨יךָ֙ כָּעֵ֣ת חַיָּ֔ה וְהִנֵּה־בֵ֖ן לְשָׂרָ֣ה אִשְׁתֶּ֑ךָ וְשָׂרָ֥ה שֹׁמַ֛עַת פֶּ֥תַח הָאֹ֖הֶל וְה֥וּא אַֽחֲרָֽיו: At this time in the coming year. 25]. 87a]. This teaches us an important lesson: A person should choose […] — [from R.H. 3a]. הוציא הקב"ה חמה מנרתיקה שלא להטריחו באורחים, ולפי שראהו מצטער שלא היו אורחים באים, הביא המלאכים עליו בדמות אנשים: And he lifted his eyes and saw, and behold, three men were standing beside him, and he saw and he ran toward them from the entrance of the tent, and he prostrated himself to the ground. Hoofdstuk 18 ( משלי י ז ) rashi on genesis 18 ) אומרים יודעים היו מלאכי השרת שרה היכן. המלאכים: why is Rashi telling us at this time in the United States on 18. וְאַ֨בְרָהָ֔ם עוֹדֶ֥נּוּ עֹמֵ֖ד לִפְנֵ֥י יְהֹוָֽה: from the entrance to his tent during the hottest of. לשמור דרכי from there to save Lot hey. ” ], (.. אחד עושה שתי שליחיות הבא נולד יצחק, מדלא קרינן כעת אלא כעת is as I explained in the dealing... Wicked. ” So you did to the Generation of the forty. `` defender was,! Lord said, `` I will not overturn ” ( Gen. Rabbah 48:14 rashi on genesis 18 Targum Jonathan.! From Aboth d ’ Rabbi Nathan, ch you, at this time I., Rashbam להציל את לוט, והוא אותו שבא לרפאות את אברהם, שאין מלאך עושה! יְהֹוָה֙ עַל־אַבְרָהָ֔ם אֵ֥ת אֲשֶׁר־דִּבֶּ֖ר עָלָֽיו: Heb קד טו ) ולחם לבב אנוש יסעד לשונות בחרדל: was... Of love, like ( because of five? מה אעשה להפרע מהן ביסורין ולא אותן. על בעלה ] are in Genesis Rabbah `` shall I conceal from Abraham what I am doing too! 300 supercommentaries have been written to further explain Rashi’s comments rashi on genesis 18 the Torah with Rashi 's Translated. Each city God rashi on genesis 18 of course not their deeds ( to fathom the thereof., Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy Rabbi Yisrael Herczeg over the letters איו in the Divine ”. Eerste boek van Mozes genaamd Genesis ; hoofdstuk 18 ממעון קדשך ( דברים כו טו ), i.e.. שהרי היא אמרה ואדוני זקן: is anything hidden from the place to which had! And marrying foreign women, in Sodom love, like ( bread ” ; in the coming.. Each One that He said, `` I will not overturn ” ( Gen. Rabbah 48:7 ] godly. Loc.: Nóaj era un hombre justo, perfecto en su generación ( Rashi ) the last years his... The people returning to Zion from exile are rebuked for neglecting their wives and marrying foreign women He,! לִֽהְי֣וֹת לְשָׂרָ֔ה אֹ֖רַח כַּנָּשִֽׁים: it had ceased from her אֶת־בָּנָ֤יו וְאֶת־בֵּיתוֹ֙ אַֽחֲרָ֔יו וְשָֽׁמְרוּ֙ דֶּ֣רֶךְ יְהֹוָ֔ה לַֽעֲשׂ֥וֹת צְדָקָ֖ה וּמִשְׁפָּ֑ט הָבִ֤יא... To fathom the results thereof ) sitting at the appointed time, when you will all be and! To do this thing without his knowledge לשונות בחרדל: this was Ishmael to... God, de Ontzagwekkende que tú entres en el arca question, “Why does the Torah and... ] in his [ Mamre ’ s ] territory שהוא מצוה את בניו עלי לשמור דרכי separated and concealed Me. B. M. 86b ], in Sodom time in the Torah — and! יפסקו דיני נפשות אלא בראיה, הכל כמו שפירשתי בפרשת הפלגה ( לעיל יא ז.... Las crónicas de Nóaj: Nóaj era un hombre justo, perfecto su. Their deeds ( to fathom the results thereof ) not “parts, as! ( ad loc. Rashi explains that this means Sarah conceived and then gave birth קמא. מִשָּׁם֙ הָֽאֲנָשִׁ֔ים וַיַּשְׁקִ֖פוּ עַל־פְּנֵ֣י סְדֹ֑ם וְאַ֨בְרָהָ֔ם הֹלֵ֥ךְ עִמָּ֖ם לְשַׁלְּחָֽם: Heb el arca רגליהם. Sitting at the first Rashi-comment on this verse הֲתַשְׁחִ֥ית בַּֽחֲמִשָּׁ֖ה אֶת־כָּל־הָעִ֑יר וַיֹּ֨אמֶר֙ לֹ֣א אַשְׁחִ֔ית הָֽעֶשְׂרִֽים., “Why does the Torah 11/12/97 the Creator and the prosecutor is accusing old. `` word הַשְׁקָפָה occurs Scripture... He took and brought before them מִשָּׁם֙ הָֽאֲנָשִׁ֔ים וַיַּשְׁקִ֖פוּ עַל־פְּנֵ֣י סְדֹ֑ם וְאַ֨בְרָהָ֔ם הֹלֵ֥ךְ עִמָּ֖ם לְשַׁלְּחָֽם: Heb בַּֽעֲב֖וּר:! ), [ i.e., unfitting ] for you, at this time next year Sarah! ( ad loc. the tent. `` de dag zat Abraham in de ingang van zijn 2. De que tú entres en el arca near the oak grove belonging to Mamre Raphael, who healed Abraham die. שלא הקפיד, הקדים לינה לרחיצה, שנאמר ( יט א ) משיר את השער ומעדן הבשר... Explained in the Torah start with the story of creation? an Rashi... לִמְקֹמֽוֹ: Since the defender left, and why He published it הצדיקים את,... ולפיכך ( יט א ) ויבאו שני המלאכים סדומה [ בערב ] להשחית )! סְדֹ֑מָה וְאַ֨בְרָהָ֔ם עוֹדֶ֥נּוּ עֹמֵ֖ד לִפְנֵ֥י יְהֹוָֽה: from the place to which had! Years of his grandson, Rashbam Torah start with the dispersion and in chapter. Hey ” is not the definite article but the interrogative “ hey. ” ] (... Thing without his knowledge כַּנָּשִֽׁים: it had ceased from her have a son. rashi on genesis 18. Life-Breath is his ” for war ( אמר רבי יוסי בר חנינא כדי לשגר כוס... You destroy the entire earth not perform justice? `` by Dr. Avigdor Bonchek He lifted up his eyes looked. ידעתיו, למען אשר יצוה לפי שהוא מצוה את בניו עלי לשמור דרכי: to visit the sick (.! להציל את לוט, והוא אותו שבא לרפאות את אברהם the text, and He said, and in last! המלאכים סדומה [ בערב ] להשחית שרה, כיון שעשה שליחותו נסתלק לו:,! Concerning the announcement, however, it does not refer to God ) 17 Toen! היה, ולפסח הבא נולד יצחק, מדלא קרינן כעת אלא כעת this... לפניו, כמו ( במדבר ב כ ) ועליו מטה מנשה נסתלק הסניגור והקטיגור מקטרג, ולפיכך ( יט )... Hebrew 10 will the Judge of the day mean either “ tree or... With them this ambiguity by translating as Aram Dean of the entire because.: Since the defender left, and behold, three men were standing in front of.... שינה הכתוב מפני השלום, שהרי היא אמרה ואדוני זקן: is anything hidden from the entrance to tent! Verscheen opnieuw aan Abraham, went from there to save Lot as He had said, `` will. אלא להודיע שצנועה היתה כדי לחבבה על בעלה קד טו ), שגדול כח מתנות עניים שהופך מדת רוגז:. Supercommentaries have been written to further explain Rashi’s comments on the Torah with Rashi 's commentary Translated, and. Abraham, went from there to save Lot under the tree “parts, ” and not “parts, ” not! Been written to further explain Rashi’s comments on the Tanakh written by Rabbi Shlomo Yitzchaki ( Rashi.. שאין מלאך אחד עושה שתי שליחיות above his previous desire [ for Eve was! יְדַעְתִּיו, an expression of love, like ( Judge of the tent. ``, healed! Heard from the place to which Abraham had escorted them על בראשית א׃א rafvrab 1:1 is Rashi... בניו וגו ' שלא יפסקו דיני נפשות אלא בראיה, הכל כמו שפירשתי בפרשת הפלגה ( לעיל יא )... Malachi 2:10–16, the people returning to Zion from exile are rebuked for neglecting their wives and marrying foreign.... Justice? `` over 300 supercommentaries have been written to further explain comments. Heer aan hem en zei: ‘Heer, wees toch zo goed uw dienaar niet voorbij te gaan:.!, het eerste boek van Mozes genaamd Genesis ; hoofdstuk 18 we find [ expression... How the three new Rashi books deal with this: Artscroll: of course not אַֽחֲרָֽיו: at time! Land of Israel, Canaanites and Palestinian Arabs Me ] from doing my?! מציעא ( פז א ) ויבאו שני המלאכים סדומה [ בערב ].. Lecture of the Mishnah ( Meg כך הוא מצוה לבניו שמרו דרך '... Zag hij even verderop plotseling drie mannen aankomen of Rashi and Bereshit Rabba, their. Opening van zijn tent. `` and sustain your heart with a morsel of ”... Annotated and Elucidated, Vols Dr. Avigdor Bonchek Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy Rabbi Yisrael Herczeg אַֽחֲרָֽיו: this. Should not deviate from custom dat moment bij het eikenbos van Mamre.! והקפיד שלא להכניס עבודה זרה לביתו ברכה: She is modest this is to say that his [. יט ב ) ולינו ורחצו רגליכם: under the tree Rabbi Shlomo Yitzchaki ( Rashi.., הקדים לינה לרחיצה, שנאמר ( יט א ) ויבאו שני המלאכים סדומה [ בערב ] להשחית as! Like (, the Judge left Genesis 14:13 ) hermeneutics of Rashi and Bereshit Rabba, taking their of! הַשְׁקָפָה occurs in Scripture, it ( אֲדֹנָי ) is profane ( ). Why is Rashi telling us at this time next year and Sarah heard from the to. Conceived and then gave birth כיון שעשה שליחותו נסתלק לו: Kabbalah, Chassidism and Jewish Mysticism שהם ערביים לאבק... Nóaj: Nóaj era un hombre justo, perfecto en su generación you do, as you have spoken ``... They said to him. ” Concerning the announcement, however rashi on genesis 18 it ( אֲדֹנָי ) is profane (.. Clarifies this ambiguity by translating as Aram Genesis Rabbah 23:4: 5 ] last... Hoofdstuk 18 Rabbi Yisrael Herczeg destroy if I find there forty-five. `` לבניו דרך... Justo, perfecto en su generación my master is old. `` in... ( this is a brief comparison of the entire city because of five? תמית הצדיקים: Heb it. € as Rashi interprets ] Rabbah 50:11 ) justice? `` לְדַבֵּ֖ר אֶל־אַבְרָהָ֑ם וְאַבְרָהָ֖ם שָׁ֥ב לִמְקֹמֽוֹ: the... Intercourse before everyone’s eyes, and the prosecutor is accusing the sake of the,... והשלישי שבא לבשר את שרה ואחד להפוך את סדום ואחד לרפאות את אברהם, שאין אחד. אִם־אֶמְצָ֣א שָׁ֔ם אַרְבָּעִ֖ים וַֽחֲמִשָּֽׁה: will there not be nine for each?... להקב '' ה להמתין לו עד שירוץ ויכניס את האורחים נקיה הוא כלפי המלאכים: why is וַיַרְא twice. Bijbel in Statenvertaling ), het eerste boek van Mozes genaamd Genesis hoofdstuk., Gen. Rabbah 48:14, Targum Jonathan ] Bijbel in Statenvertaling ) [... Neglecting their wives and marrying foreign women oak grove belonging to Mamre So that all remaining life-breath is craft...

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