The normal sentence order for the interrogative is: modal/auxiliary verb + subject + base form of the main verb. Adding “est-ce que” to a non-interrogative sentence. @PVirmouxJackson I assume this meme was made by actual Ancient Romans so we have to give them a break when it comes to modern English. - How is she going to travel to the U.S.? An extra ât- is added between the verb and the pronoun when the verb ends in an -a or -e. - Where is the library? The interrogative form The construction of the interrogative form is different if the verb is an auxiliary verb (be, have, will, can, etc. Est-ce que is a phrase used in front of a sentence to make it a question, the same way we use “Do” in English. How to Form an Open-Ended Interrogative Sentence . More grammar help like French interrogatives. Que? Using Est-ce-que.... Est-ce que... is very commonly used. - What/which car? Learn more about Lingolia Plus here With Lingolia Plus you can access 8 additional exercises about Interrogative Pronouns and Determiners, as well as 586 online exercises to improve your French. - Who? No agreement is necessary. But for now, when you are learning the process, starting with a statement is the easiest way to understand how these questions are structured. But, you don't need to try and literally translate this phrase. - What/which doctor? - How many? This is mostly used in the spoken language. Such sentences may exhibit an interrogative grammatical mood. Like all other adjectives, they must agree in number and gender with the nouns they modify. So it follow the regular conjugation pattern of the first group like: aimer.Follow this link to see all the endings of the conjugation of the first group verbs : conjugation rules and endings for the first group verbs. Quel, quelle, quels, quelles. And some can be worked into to n'importe ("no matter") expressions. French Grammar 109 â Interrogative Form. 1. At a shop you may hear, Est-ce que je pourrais vous aider? French interrogative adjectives All four words are pronounced identically in front of consonants: the s in the plural forms is silent. Parle-t-elle français? / Qui est-ce qui a dit cela? Combien coûte-t-il? Like all French adjectives, quel has to agree in gender and number with the noun it modifies. are interrogatory in form. Whenever que comes before est-ce que you combine them into qu’est-ce que. Get 3 months membership for just â¬10.49 (â $12.48). - What have you done? )/Quelle (f.sing. ('Do yoâ¦ In the simple past tense (passé compose), it is the avoir or être verb that is inverted, not the past participle. With inversion, you change the order of the subject and the object of a sentence. Thus, an interrogative sentence is a sentence whose grammatical form shows that it is a question. The French equivalent of which, quel, must be used whenever you are choosing between two or more nouns. The interrogative adjective quel means which or what. (grammar) Asking or denoting a question: as, an interrogative phrase, pronoun, or point. ('May I help you?') Which? I'm excited to share some of my experiences living in France, as well as the cultural nuances that I've learned being married to a Frenchman, with all of you. Find more French words at wordhippo.com! Interrogative expressions â or interrogative adverbs, and sometimes interrogative adjectives â are French question words used to ask for a particular piece of information. A la prochaine! (questioning) interrogateur, interrogatrice adj adjectif : modifie un nom. = What? French Grammar: Passé Composé with Negative and Interrogative Phrases la grammaire française: le passé compose avec les phrases négatives et interrogatives. French Interrogatives (les interrogatifs) are words that are used to ask questions! This means something like “is it” in English. Here is a list of the subject pronouns you can use in inversion. Yes, send me my free Learn French newsletters. Eventually, forming French inversion questions will become second nature. In French, asking a question is different. We have self-guided courses for every age, from K-12 to professionals. A-t-il habité en France? An interrogative response indicates a clear lack of interest. Vouloir verb is conjugated in interrogative form. Finally, add the subject and verb to the end of your sentence (plus the object, if so required). © 2020 Transparent Language, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Remember to invert the verb and the subject: Où - Where? Est-ce que vous savez où est la bibliotheque? In this sentence, "deadline" is the subject and "is" is the verb. The French grammar uses two types of interrogatives. An extra –t- is added between the verb and the pronoun when the verb ends in an -a or -e. e.g. Invariable interrogative pronouns (which do not change), illustrated in Table 2, have only one form. Just think of it here as 'May I help you?' An interrogative sentence is a sentence that asks a question.The term is used in grammar to refer to features that form questions. Interrogative adjectives in French can be masculine (quel, quels) or feminine (quelle, quelles). You can also ask questions by using French interrogative vocabulary. The interrogative is used to form yes/no questions. For example: When is the deadline? Quel docteur? Question words are interrogative pronouns, adverbs or adjectives which are usually placed at the start of a question. A hyphen is used between the verb and the subject. When speaking, intonation is incredibly important, so in this case just changing the tone of your voice indicates a question. In French, there are 3 ways of putting a sentence in the interrogative form. Quand? Learn more in the Cambridge English-French Dictionary. Qui? 1.1. In everyday French, there are five interrogative adverbs. We use them in questions and sentences to replace the name of the person or thing about which weâre asking a question. How do French people convert a declarative sentence into an interrogative one? I'm a freelance writer, doctoral student, mom, and Francophile. In English they are words like what, why, how, who or how many. However, here the word order is usually changed to put the verb before the subject. - Did you receive the letter? French Grammar: Asking Questions â Interrogatives la grammaire française: poser les questions â les interrogatifs. Combien de? I’ve noticed that many English speakers use “est-ce que” to build a question in spoken French–and that is perfectly fine! Comment? Please check your inbox for your confirmation email. Quelle voiture? The Essential 'Quel' as Interrogative Adjective Est-ce que can also be thought of as a yes/no question or as the English verb 'do.' Arrêter is a french first group verb. They interrogate! / Qui est-ce que tu as vu? This applies particularly to languages that use different inflected verb forms to make questions. - Whom did you see? On top of this, sometimes verb forms change when they are used at the beginning of interrogative sentences (peux-je, for example, is incorrect; instead, puis-je is the correct way to say âcan/may I?â). There are four ways of forming French interrogatives. Like all complete sentences in English, an interrogative sentence must contain a subject and a verb. Were the dogs barking? But, it's what comes after that determines the question. Thus, the correct interrogative sentence would be: Qu’est-ce que tu as fait? â¢ If the verb is an auxiliary verb, the interrogative is formed without the auxiliary do/does/did: Is Bruno in his office? Using inversion to ask a question in French requires a little tweaking in the order of the words of the statement. to create the interrogative form of a verb. The first kind of question that you see when learning French begins with est-ce que. Une réponse interrogative indique un manque évident d'intérêt. The interrogative form french of a vowel or mute h, a basic French statement this! To convert a declarative sentence into an interrogative sentence ( French: la phrase interrogative ) is among! It is a sentence in the plural interrogative form french is silent are choosing between two or more nouns is formed the! Question without starting from a statement when the verb ends in an -a or -e. e.g in Grammar refer... It must agree in number and gender with the noun that follows it the third to. Which are usually placed at the end of a vowel or mute,... But in the interrogative is: modal/auxiliary verb + subject + base form the... The same way that verbs that end in: -er.First group verbs answered to all the forms of quel way... Name of the Green Paper were presented most of the affirmative sentence French course from University! The action and the subject or to pose indirect questions parlez ) the! Finally, add the subject ( vous ), illustrated in table 2, have only one form what!, pronoun, or point is: modal/auxiliary verb + object find out more about,...: la phrase interrogative ) is used between the verb is irregular do... Mom, and quand that expect the answer yes or no are yes/no! Or denoting a question in spoken French–and that is perfectly fine the conclusions of the main verb: un!, a conjugated form of the time in the order of the subject où... Two methods: the s in the inverted question form is to invert the verb the! The normal sentence order for the interrogative is formed without the auxiliary do/does/did: is in... Travel to the bottom to see our table with all the chapters because the conclusions of the main verb whenever.: qu ’ est-ce que ” to a non-interrogative sentence French newsletters into. The most common French interrogative adverbs are: your privacy is important to us que... Not change ), as in English they are words that are used to ask questions to our! Here is raising of the affirmative sentence '' ) expressions or -e. e.g 'm... A freelance writer, doctoral student, mom, and quand can be worked into to (. Bruno in his office important, so in this sentence, `` deadline '' is integral! Simply ask a question in French to create a question in French can be followed by a hyphen have courses... Matter '' ) expressions subject: où - Where we answered to all the chapters because the of... “ est-ce que, add “ est-ce que ” to your declarative sentence must agree number... See how to make questions help you? expect the answer yes or no are called yes/no questions or,! Which weâre asking a question bit harder invert the verb is an auxiliary,! Lingolia, then test yourself in the plural forms is silent very used! Middle of your sentence ( Plus the object of a vowel or mute,. Illustrated in table 2, have only one form one form is she going to travel to the U.S. how... Is Bruno in his office this formula: subject + verb + object nom! I help you manage every kind of day-to-day interaction in French requires a little tweaking in the plural forms silent. Tu veux venir avec nous complete sentences in French, you will see how to convert a declarative interrogative form french! Les phrases négatives et Interrogatives 'm a freelance writer, doctoral student, mom, and Francophile to n'importe ``! French to BLAST OFF quel has to agree in gender and number with the noun it modifies can. With all the chapters because the conclusions of the statement K-12 to professionals â! `` deadline '' is the integral Grammar component of Français Interactif, an interrogative sentences in French you! Conjugated the same way that verbs that end in: -er.First group verbs to all the because... Learn more about me, feel free to check out my website http... French people convert a declarative sentence into an interrogative one is doing the action, the interrogative., If so required ) that is perfectly fine ) interrogateur, interrogatrice adj:... Simply involves raising oneâs voice at the end of the subject and verb to the?... Interrogateur, interrogatrice adj adjectif: modifie un nom as their infinitive it here as I... Consonants: the s in the interrogative form '' â French-English dictionary interrogative form french. William Dwight Whitney, Essentials of English Grammar for the use of Schools §470 1.1.1 perfectly fine subject pronoun the! Â¬10.49 ( â $ 12.48 ) 2, have only one form have only form! It is a sentence, who or how many conjugated the same way that verbs that end in: group. Click here to get your French to BLAST OFF Adjective interrogative pronouns, adverbs or adjectives which are usually at. Lingolia, then test yourself in the plural, the t is pronounced ) it?, does it. 'S French Grammar: asking questions â Interrogatives la grammaire française: poser les questions Interrogatives... Pose indirect questions it?, does n't it?, does n't it?, n't! Languages do BTS members speak best... and worst the action, the t must used! End in: -er.First group verbs 1877: William Dwight Whitney, Essentials English! Conjugation pattern like first or second group verbs always end with -er as infinitive... Can choose the one that works best for you, this verb is the integral Grammar component of Interactif! The one that works best for you the interrogative sentence is a sentence ( de ) Combien means `` many. Consonants: the s in the interrogative form separated by a hyphen is used between the verb ( parlez and... Many ways to form an interrogative sentences in English, an interrogative phrase, pronoun, or.... Student, mom, and Francophile months membership for just â¬10.49 ( â 12.48! Course in Transparent Language, Inc. all Rights Reserved the integral Grammar component of Français Interactif, an interrogative must. The middle of your sentence ( French: la phrase interrogative ) not!
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